The only other option in the vote was greater autonomy from Papua New Guinea. The JSB also resolved to approve a new arrangement for the National Government to provide 100 Million annually to the ABG for the next ten years starting next year. Gurias Shake Off Hagen Eagles in Opening Match, Momase Teachers:Government To Abolish PNG Teachers Association, Two Arrested For Tax Related Fraud & Corruption. Bougainville News Feature : If we have all learnt anything from Panguna, it is this. 4. Adriana SchmidtAdriana Schmidt is the Director of the Autonomous Bougainville Government’s Directorate of Media and Communication, the agency responsible for whole of government communications. [online] Asiapacificreport.nz. Western nations are looking to rein in China’s influence in the increasingly contested Pacific, where it has recently drawn away two of Taiwan’s allies, Kiribati and the Solomon Islands, triggering a strong rebuke from the United States. From a strategic perspective, Jennings says it would be best if Melanesia looked to Australia as its main partner on matters of security. Dr Temu also acknowledged the members of the Regional Peace Mission contributing countries like Solomon Islands Vanuatu and FIJI for their continued support for peace throughout the Pacific. The cocoa and copra industries ravaged by the war have been re-established, there is small-scale gold mining, and potential for hydroelectric power and a revived forestry industry. There were also requests for improvements to other communication mediums, particularly radio broadcasting. Despite these challenges, it was perceived that referendum awareness had been thorough. Australia and the U.S. have agreed to help Papua New Guinea redevelop its Manus Island naval base, which sits 350 kilometers north of the mainland and commands key trade routes into the Pacific. All Right Reserved. Chief Referendum Officer Mauricio Claudio said there had been long queues and high enthusiasm at many of the 828 polling places. [2]  RNZ News (2019). Bougainville News Webinar Alert : The use of mobile technologies in the 2019 Bougainville referendum presents both opportunities and challenges for the future of democracy in the Pacific, post-referendum negotiation process now taking place, Bougainville News Alert : WEBINAR – Mobile telephones on for public messaging: Did the Bougainville referendum information hotline make a difference? The JSB resolved to accept the calculations made by an independent expert engaged by the UNDP and that officers work on these calculations and settle those outstanding through the RDG and SIF programs. With a projected vote on independence from Papua New Guinea just three months away, suddenly Bougainville is the centre of a lot of activity. PNG Minister for Bougainville Affairs, Sir Puka Temu, said Bougainville’s people needed to understand what “cutting the umbilical cord from Papua New Guinea” would mean. As co-founding father of the Melanesian Spearhead Group (MSG) and Vanuatu’s first Prime Minister, Fr. The people of Bougainville, an island group in Papua New Guinea, have voted overwhelmingly for independence. See Bougainville Referendum Commission Website. Regular polling finished yesterday (Tuesday) at 6pm, with only the submission of postal votes to continue to Saturday 7 December, 6 pm. The women had representatives that came all the way from North,Central and South Bougainville for this meeting. This is a war between industrial civilization versus the natural world. Bougainvilleans want to defend the earth while mining companies like Panguna mine are indifferent to the suffering of people and destruction their land, all in the name of progress and development. He said nearly 98 percent for Independence is a huge testimony of what the people of Bougainville want for their future. Differences were noticeable, however, between the three regions of Bougainville regarding access to mobile network coverage, as well as access to other information and communication mediums. “This cannot be done legally,” Kerr wrote. To come into effect the referendum result must be ratified by PNG's national parliament. He said election officers hiked for two hours into the jungle to collect the votes. By: Yamin Kogoya from West Papua living in Australia. The region is home to the vast Panguna mine, then the world’s biggest open-cut copper mine, owned by Bougainville Copper Limited, which then had Conzinc Rio Tinto as major shareholder. There is a widespread expectation that Bougainvilleans will vote in favour of independence in a result that would then have to be ratified by the PNG parliament, where it could face opposition from MPs who fear other provinces could follow. “China has always adhered to the principle of non-interference in the internal affairs of other countries, and respects the independent choices of people in all countries,” it said in a statement. According to the official results from the referendum, almost 98 percent of the 181,067 votes cast backed independence in the non-binding poll. The Bougainville hotline is one such example. Research into the efficacy of the service was undertaken during its final two weeks, just prior to polling. Discussions will take place with the Papua New Guinea government to decide when – or if – the transition to full independence can begin. The referendum was non-binding – meaning independence won’t happen automatically. People were chanting and danced in circles beneath a Bougainville flag nearby to welcome the handful of election monitors, and Upe initiates, as the village prepared to vote. This meant eliminating “alien viruses” that come from the arrival of foreign nations such as France, Germany, Britain and Australia, as well as the mining companies and the PNG government. [5] ROKA, L.F. (2014). He said he came back from a visit to Bougainville two weeks ago with an “enormous level of comfort” that the former militant groups had given their commitment to the peace process. Thanking Bougainville Referendum Commission Chairman, Bertie Ahern for his leadership and guidance, the Prime Minister acknowledged the safe and peaceful manner in which the vote occurred. 2. Even if the tree is not producing fruit on its own, visitors still want a souvenir of its exotic potential. It is a matter of urgency for Bougainville and other Melanesian communities to ensure thousands of years of cultural knowledge is preserved for future generations. [online] Culturalsurvival.org. The Bougainville Peace Agreement does not provide a solution for all the issues related to the post … Available at: https://asiapacificreport.nz/2019/11/08/the-genocide-next-door-papuan-band-spreading-message-of-freedom/ [Accessed 7 Jan. 2020], ” That’s my dream, to go and rebuild, We need the best policies, the best laws, to be the best country. He said nearly 98 percent for Independence is a huge testimony of what the people of Bougainville want for their future. The vote is not binding and the Government of Papua New Guinea has the final say on what becomes of Bougainville in the event of voters choosing independence. ” The Australian governor general John Kerr warned the Queen that a plan for Bougainville independence was not lawful, was opposed by Australia and Rio Tinto copper interests, and would increase regional instability and force Australia to hand more financial support to Papua New Guinea. ”, Picture above  : Almost 100% of Bougainville voters backed independence in last year’s referendum but palace letters show Australia’s governor general John Kerr told the Queen that such a move ‘cannot be done legally. For example, as part of their emergency response to COVID-19, both the PNG and Bougainville governments are operating free-call telephone information hotlines for their citizens. “If they say no then that’s it. Many handsets had flat batteries on the day of the group interview – this indicates a technological challenge of daily life in Bougainville, which has consequences for mobile telephone initiatives. This indicated that the strategy fell short of its promise, which reduced uptake of the service. The end of the fighting led to the Bougainville Peace Agreement, the creation of the Autonomous Bougainville Government, and the promise of a non-binding referendum on independence. (2019). [1] The vote is the result of an agreement between the Government of Papua New Guinea and the Autonomous Bougainville Government. The BRC announced the result on 11 December, and returned the referendum writ to the Governor-General of Papua New Guinea on 13 December 2019. 18 Dec 2019 | James Batley. To me, the term Melanesia invokes the idea of an alien tree within Oceania that has not yet produced its own fruit. The hotline was one element of a multi-media package of government information initiatives supported by Australia and New Zealand. “The conduct of the vote was excellent. Charteris made it plain that Kerr’s advice on Bougainville had reached the Queen. They voted in highland villages and on remote atolls. Giorgio Licini, asked the PNG government to “listen carefully to the cries of the Bougainville people for independence.”, Former Bougainville Interim Government Leader, Martin Miriori, warned that the reluctance of the PNG national government to acknowledge the wishes of the Bougainvillean people for independence is dangerous. Most participants felt they and their fellow community members had sufficient knowledge about the referendum and were ready to vote. Agenda three was on the Post Referendum Transition of which many discussions have been made and also looking at the legal issues going forward. In his address to the people who were present at the Hutjena Counting Centre, President Momis thanked the people for giving his ABG the clear mandate to consult with the National Government on the wishes of the people. As Hogeveen argues, there is a trend in the Pacific region towards ‘digital aid’ in which international donors utilise information and communication technologies. Bougainville is a 21st century tragedy with the potential to be extinguished under the Western capitalist system or live as a spiritual-based, nature centric civilization. During this time, they wear the tall, woven Upe hats that hide their hair and are forbidden to be seen by women. Will this place become the world’s next country? [i]   Hermkens, A.-K. (2015). al concern is more about our insouciance and disregard for good governance that we must sternly guard against, whatever the political outcome of referendum will be. Simon Pentanu MHR GCL : Speaker I give full credit to the work of the Bougainville Referendum Commission, the Autonomous Bougainville Government under the leadership of President Momis and the people of Bougainville who ensured that the referendum period was safe and that all Bougainvilleans could cast their vote”, Prime Minister Marape said. The Bougainville Affairs Minister, DR. Puka Temu this week  acknowledged the important tripartite relationship that the three countries, Australia, New Zealand and Papua New Guinea have developed over the years. Sources with direct knowledge of the arrangements in Bougainville told Reuters that China was not blocked from helping fund the referendum, but neither was it invited to contribute when the shortfall emerged. The period after the referendum vote is often referred to as the Post-Referendum Transition. 5 : THE Pacific island of Bougainville is moving a step closer to potential independence from Papua New Guinea as preparations begin for a long-promised referendum later this year. Likewise, its population would be one of the world’s smallest – slightly smaller than Pacific neighbour Vanuatu, and slightly bigger than Barbados. Let us avoid the pitfalls of bad governance by making a conscious and conscientious choice for good governance without making compromises, taking short cuts or looking for quick fixes at the leadership level. Election officers also traveled by overnight boat to get to some of the five offshore atolls and visited a police lockup to collect votes from prisoners. The United States, along with Australia, New Zealand and Japan, helped plug the funding gap of 7.1 million kina ($2 million), according to a breakdown of funding arrangements provided to Reuters by the Bougainville Referendum Commission. “Will we see ourselves in the long shadows of the dwindling light and the advanced darkness of the evening dusk, or will we see ourselves in the long and radiant rays of the rising sun? While 79,285 calls were made to the hotline over the eight-week pilot, overall, the knowledge of the telephone hotline amongst research participants was generally low. The final say would then go to lawmakers in the Papua New Guinea Parliament. Mr. Pentanu will be awarded the Grand Companion of the Order of Logohu (GCL) Conerred with the title of “Chief” for distinguished public service in the senior roles of Clerk of the National Parliament, Chief Ombudsman, and currently as Speaker of the House of Representatives of the Autonomous Region of Bougainville. Of the 181,000 ballots, almost 98% were in favour of independence. The conflicts in Melanesian mining villages are far more complex: these are wars against industrial machines that uproot cultures and tear apart ecosystems; fighting for the survival of languages, values and land as the threat of extinction rears its head. “It’s just that the invitation never arrived, or, rather, was never sent,” one source said. It allowed Bougainvilleans to ring a free-call number and hear pre-recorded messages about the referendum and the two other pillars of the Bougainville Peace Agreement – autonomy and weapons disposal. The referendum is a key element of the 2001 Bougainville Peace Agreement (BPA), which, following a ten-year armed conflict, provided for special autonomy and a vote on independence to be … And there must be one national moderator and one external moderator. Bougainville faces mental health issues legacy from the civil war | Asia Pacific Report. If Papua New Guinea honors the referendum result and grants Bougainville independence, one of the region's greatest challenges will be establishing its economy. Also, this week a survey of more than 1,000 Bougainvilleans found people still need to know more about the Bougainville Peace Agreement and the referendum. Results announced on Wednesday, had the case for independence backed by 97.7 per cent of the 206,000 registered voters. Sir Puka said there are now teams on the ground preparing for the events at a date that is yet to be announced but expected to be the end of the month. “The Queen has of course seen your letter and has read it with much interest,” he wrote. But I'm confident that what I have witnessed and learnt is a resilience and an unwavering commitment to peace by peaceful means". https://www.rnz.co.nz/international/pacific-news/405899/png-govt-urged-not-to-derail-bougainville-referendum-mandate, https://asiapacificreport.nz/2016/03/06/bougainville-faces-mental-health-issues-legacy-from-the-civil-war/, https://thediplomat.com/2019/12/australia-china-and-bougainvilles-choices/, https://www.pngattitude.com/2014/03/the-legacy-of-damien-dameng-the-father-of-meekamui.html, https://www.culturalsurvival.org/news/bougainville-president-fails-victims-brutal-resource-, https://www.ulmwp.org/ulmwp-statement-on-the-republic-of-vanuatus-independence-day-july-30th-2018, https://thatssojacob.wordpress.com/2014/03/14/flip-the-script-nora-vagi-brash-which-way-big-, http://www.alastairmcintosh.com/general/resources/1983-Bernard-Narokobi-Melanesian-Way.pdf, https://asiapacificreport.nz/2019/11/08/the-genocide-next-door-papuan-band-spreading-message-of-freedom/, Bougainville Referendum Results : ‘We are reborn’: Bougainville votes 97.7 % for independence from Papua New Guinea, Bougainville Referendum News : Regular voting now complete with overwhelming vote expected in favour of independence but the birth of a separate nation may take many years to achieve, Bougainville Referendum 23 Nov News : Sixty Minutes visits Bougainville to ask why is China on the move in the South Pacific? He said Rio Tinto was in favour of a “united Papua New Guinea”, though he said that may change if it deemed its long-term interests lay elsewhere. That JSB meeting is set to be held in south Bougainville, in Buin. Australian Foreign Affairs Minister Marise Payne this week visited Bougainville for a few hours amid fears an upcoming independence vote there could undermine regional stability and provide an opening for China to establish a strategic foothold in what could become the Pacific’s newest nation state. “If Bougainville successfully secedes, Papua New Guinea would be weaker economically, and hence likely to be more pressing, so far as Australia is concerned, for economic support.”, “Bougainville secession would also increase the possibility of instability in Papua New Guinea in other areas.”. Hon. The root of the problem is our worldview: this civilization is based on individual, materialistic desires and selfish actions. Its destructive connections co-opt leaderships in a way that doesn’t work out well for people.”. Rio Tinto gave up its share in BCL in 2016, and ownership now rests with the government of PNG and the Bougainville government, each with 36.4%. Critics will claim that the war was about demands for the mining royalties, but it was in fact predominately about eliminating deadly poisons that resulted from mining on the islands. Regional, International Eyes on October Referendum. Eight group interviews were conducted with local community leaders, women and youths in a mix of rural and urban settings across Bougainville. Let us not tire of talking about good governance, honest and transparent leadership, common sense, and not being above or beyond reproach. “They will need, according to international studies, at least 900 million kina ($390m) a year to rebuild Bougainville as an independent state.” He said independence would also mean “Papua New Guinea will not be able to be politically responsible for an independent Bougainville state”. Jennings says Australia would be likely to give aid to an independent Bougainville to try to keep China at bay. His movement believed that colonial administration, mining and churches were thieves full of trickeries, and that Bougainville must be restored. A crowd of people in Bougainville watching the handover of the agreed definitions for the two questions for the Independence Referendum. This provided about an hour’s worth of audio information in total. Mr Miller’s position is supported by the Bougainville Partnership, a development partnership between the governments of Bougainville, Papua New Guinea, Australia and New Zealand. The JSB noted the progress made so far and resolved for the establishment of a Joint Ministerial Task Force on Post Referendum. One Bougainvillian, nursing graduate Alexia Baria, told news agency AFP that “happiness was an understatement”. [8] That’s So Jacob (2014). Available at: https://www.rnz.co.nz/international/pacific-news/405899/png-govt-urged-not-to-derail-bougainville-referendum-mandate [Accessed 7 Jan. 2020]. [online] Available at: https://www.ulmwp.org/ulmwp-statement-on-the-republic-of-vanuatus-independence-day-july-30th-2018. Prime Minister James Marape today acknowledged the result of the Bougainville Referendum. Bougainville News 2020 : The Bougainville referendum and the fate of Melanesia: Which Way, Big Man? A number of initiatives were undertaken by the Bougainville government and other partners to overcome people’s lack of access to traditional mass media (radio, television and newspapers).”. Recognizing these challenges, the Catholic Bishop Conference (CBC) of PNG and Solomon Islands General Secretary, Fr. The people of Bougainville, an island group in Papua New Guinea, have voted overwhelmingly for independence. [4] Mcdonald, J. He said the possibility of trouble was “disturbing” and that “we must hope that matters can at least be satisfactorily contained”. Photo: Autonomous Bougainville Government. The funding shortfall emerged early this year amid preparations, overseen by former Irish Prime Minister Bertie Ahern, to register the votes of 300,000 people, most of them spread over the main island of Bougainville, nearby Buka and other outlying islands. For instance, that technology should be simple to use for people with low literacy, numeracy and technical skills. 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