Main (principal) Verb and Auxiliary (helping) Verb. A verb is a word that expresses an action or state of being.. Action verbs express action. 1. intransitive: 1. main verb. Main verbs or action verbs are used to express action; something that an animal, a person or a thing does. 0000196106 00000 n 1. 0000001958 00000 n This old house HAS no roof. Account for To explain. 0000073552 00000 n 2. 0000001816 00000 n You could also look for another linking verb list and examples to study. Clue. auxiliary verb. 0000159132 00000 n is, was, am, have, had, will. 0000115997 00000 n The words be, have, do, can, could, may, might, shall, should, must, will, would, used, need, dare, ought are called auxiliaries. 0000073071 00000 n -- passive voice. When they are used as helping verbs, they tell time for the main verb. Auxiliary Verb Examples . An intransitive verb never has a direct or indirect object. 0000053525 00000 n Sometimes a sentence can communicate its meaning with a one-word verb. The verb be can be an auxiliary or a main verb in English. 351 0 obj <>stream Physical verbs are action verbs. The subject, “people,” is completing the action. A helping verb ‘helps’ or supports the main verb. 0000006080 00000 n When forms of the verb “be” are main verbs, they are linking/being verbs, not action verbs because “be” is not an action but, indeed, a state of being. 0000069540 00000 n The verbs be, have and do are often referred to as primary auxiliaries. The verb is rises. 2. Here are some examples of auxiliary verbs and verb phrases. Wilma had weighed only four pounds at birth. 0000003367 00000 n Intransitive Verbs. Look at these examples: transitive: 1. %%EOF The following examples show these verbs used as auxiliary verbs. trailer <<0986bae8800d11db9ccd000a95ab780c>]>> startxref 0 %%EOF 43 0 obj<>stream Clue. Englisch-hilfen.de/ be in English – auxiliary and main verb. 300 0 obj <> endobj 1. Decide whether these verbs are auxiliary verbs or main verbs. Transitive verbs are verbs that express action that terminates in, or is received by, an object. In this section, we are going to take a look at the modal verb in a little more detail as well as some examples of how it can be used, giving you a greater understanding of its function. He has run five miles each day. They are used only in the present and past tense. The example shows no obvious meaning of the individual words themselves, but are interpreted as a whole or group. People enjoy sports. Helping Verbs List. It is used with a main verb to form a verb phrase. Main Linking Verbs Takeaways: Here’s a Comprehensive Linking Verbs .pdf; Unlike most verbs, a linking verb is not an action word. 330 0 obj <>/Filter/FlateDecode/ID[<1B67E67A1DB8304EAE0EC6D844271815>]/Index[300 52]/Info 299 0 R/Length 136/Prev 181061/Root 301 0 R/Size 352/Type/XRef/W[1 3 1]>>stream GrammarBank.com. verb express a complete thought without an object. In the examples below, the verb phrase is italicized and the auxiliary verb is in bold. Verb Forms v1 v2 v3 v4 v5 pdf V1, V2, V3, V4, V5 Pdf When learning English you need to know the meaning of certain words first, and then sort the words appropriately according to grammatical rules. Example: She is sleeping. This quiz/worksheet looks at the use of main verbs. Other times, however, a sentence will use a verb phrase, a multi-word verb, to express more nuanced action or condition. Verbs and Verb Phrases Introduction Verbs in English can be distinguished by the kinds of marking they can take and by what they can co-occur with. The Different Functions of Primary Verbs . 3. In these sentences, the verb words has, have, go and teaches express a meaning of their own, the idea of possession or physical action. 0000053114 00000 n Transitive verbs require direct objects to receive their action. Nana does the crossword puzzle in the Sunday paper. Is be an auxiliary or a main verb? They join a subject with its predicate noun or adjective. 0000068166 00000 n The verb can, however, be followed by an adverb or other modifier. Now that we’ve gone over the list of linking verbs let’s talk about helping verbs. 0000064790 00000 n Alfredo is training for the Olympics. * But sometimes they are the auxiliary to form: -- continuous tenses. The auxiliary verb helps the main verb in expressing the time the action. 0000161857 00000 n Consider these examples: … (auxiliary verb)To Have. More examples: Kayla is walking home with her friends. For example: Anna is eating a sandwich. 0000073353 00000 n I … Not a single problem has stopped her. "Eating" = the main verb. They had to ACCOUNT FOR all the money that had gone missing. 4. Helping verbs are in italics. 4. Accept: I accept your appolozy. He has HAD his dog since 2014. An intransitive verb does not have a direct object: He died. This is the pattern: Auxiliary Verb(s) + Main Verb + Verb Ending If Necessary Here are examples: Had cleaned 40 0 obj <> endobj xref 40 47 0000000016 00000 n 3. Do you HAVE a dog? 0000003517 00000 n For example: I am sleeping. 0 His coach will help him next week. 0000003441 00000 n Margaret is a brilliant student. Present Progressive I’m playing basketball now. Learn the useful list of modal verbs and how to use modal verbs in English with useful grammar rules, example sentences and … 1. : Form 4: The past participle is formed from the base form + -ed. Here are some examples of gerunds used after a preposition: The subject, “the man,” is completing the action. GrammarBank.com. 1. (lexical verb)Margaret is applying to Yale. A simple VP consists of a lexical verb acting as the main verb of the VP and anywhere from zero to four auxiliary verbs 0000068361 00000 n 1. 0000115431 00000 n Intransitive verbs, however, can express action without a direct object, and as a result, they can end a sentence without the sentence sounding incomplete. She speaksfast. (See page 3 for a complete explanation of linking verbs.) The verb forms of be, do, and have can be used either as a main (full) verb or an auxiliary verb. As the name suggests, helping verbs help or support the main verb. EXERCISES In each sentence, underline the helping verb with a single line and the main verb with two lines. Helping Verbs. -- perfect tenses. We have to ABIDE BY what the court says. The sun shines. "Is" = an auxiliary (helping) verb. 0000053634 00000 n Simple Past I played basketball yesterday. If you can create a Usually, these verbs are the main verb of a clause or sentence and can be changed according to the noun. multipart verb phrases to communicate what they mean. (lexical verb) Frank has just returned from a business trip. Others have expected little from her. EXAMPLE: I am reading about the Junior Olympics. To Be. 0000064557 00000 n "Be" as an auxiliary verb a.Used in progressive sentences: I am taking a bath. He speaksEnglish. e.g. 0000002175 00000 n 0000184212 00000 n Although an intransitive verb may be fol lowed by an adverb or adverbial phrase, there is no object to receive its action. A verb phrase can have up to four parts. I HAVE had this car for three years. I ran swiftly. They have a big garden.. You'll find questions about their qualities and purposes as well as their place within example sentences. English verbs all function inside verb phrases (VPs). We are learning about helping verbs. Transitive and Intransitive Main Verbs. 1. In this example, “quenched” is the main verb. Complete Phrasal Verbs List Phrasal Verb Meaning Example Abide by Accept or follow a decision or rule. 0000001236 00000 n 0000006359 00000 n Act on ; Accuse: Tom accused me of lying. 1. be as a main verb in the Simple Present (am, are, is) Pronouns Affirmative sentences Frank has a good job. 1. 3. There are 12 main and 23 total linking verbs in the English language. Verbs in a regular structure can be transformed with a simple rule, whereas in irregular verbs, this situation is slightly different. (lexical verb) Nana doesn't go out much anymore. As many as four words can comprise a verb phrase. ��,�Y�1/f>�b��°ķ�aoF��i�ڜ�d71��u���|5���i� �f�����t�H3�@� 9� 7 Finite Verbs. 0000158758 00000 n The horse neighs. They have been studying all night. 0000207205 00000 n 2. In English grammar, verbs are one of the nine parts of speech.. A verb is a word or group of words that describes an action, experience or expresses a state of being.. Alphabetical list of verbs in English (from A to Z) with verbs examples.. Verbs List (A) List of verbs that start with A with verb examples. 12 Types of Tenses With Examples Pdf Download: 12 Types of Tenses With Examples Pdf Tense Example Simple Present I play basketball every week. 2. This is the only verb in this sentence; it is also the verb of the main clause. My partner's been away for a fortnight- I am ACHING FOR her. AUXILIARY VERBS There are three types of auxiliary verbs in English: A.- TO BE, TO HAVE, TO DO. Have in English – auxiliary and main verb. Transitive verbs take a direct object while intransitive verbs do not. Now that you’re well-versed with action words, and the linking verb list, let’s move on to helping words. 0000115793 00000 n Here the word calling is the main verb and the word was is an auxiliary verb. 0000067961 00000 n What is a verb, anyway? Many verbs, like speak, can be transitive or intransitive. auxiliary verb. Read all these verbs in detail with examples. b.Used in passive sentences: 0000005875 00000 n I go to school every day.. She teaches English. . If he doesn’t arrive on time, he’ll have to take a later flight. %PDF-1.5 %���� Decide whether it is an auxiliary verb or the main/full verb (do, be...) 15 Questions and answers EXAMPLE: Laurissa rises slowly from her seat. 0000160313 00000 n Three of them can be used as a complete main verb: the -s form ( present tense ): she writes the past tense form: he wrote the simple form (present tense): they write The other two forms do not, by themselves, indicate tense : Form 1: The present simple tense has all but one of its forms the same as the base form. John goesto school. To be, have, will, do...Decide whether the verb is an auxiliary verb or the main/full verb for this exercise. %PDF-1.5 %���� 3. She is becoming a great athlete. (auxiliary v 1. A main or base verb indicates the type of action or condition, and auxiliary— or helping—verbs convey the other nuances that writers want to express. Auxiliary verbs are used in sentence according to the rules of English tenses in order to give information about the time of the main verb. 1. A helping verbsuch as am,is,are,has, have, or will works with the main verb to show when the action or state of being occurs. The main verb expresses nature of the action. … 0000065082 00000 n endstream endobj 301 0 obj <. 0000071892 00000 n 0000070713 00000 n �X��������w}�r0��K��Ǿ��ų�V��������[���T����t�i��>!E���-u1�����Lְ8�ѷ��'S2�������_M�};�,�P_&ǟ��s�G�!��l�FR��Ͻ_��TL�8��ю( ��cyE���͝�$� �bj����+ڠ��}�`㩤����d ��zU�D�V�C,'�"��֣ڟ�a����� �b{�c¤y�í��̖`��C}�,�18E��zl�Z4ڄ� @"HT�g��DTKe]Y�Kx��C�U�}.�N�$yiė endstream endobj 41 0 obj<. About This Quiz & Worksheet. RETEACHING: A main verbshows the action or state of being in a sentence. Main verbs can be transitive or intransitive. * They are main verbs: I am happy / We have it / We do the washing. I sawan elephant. This is the only verb in this sentence; it is also the verb of the main clause. The main verbs below are in bold print. He has arrived. (are: helping verb; learning: main verb) 50 Common Irregular Verbs Infinitive Past Simple Past Participle be was / were been become became become begin began begun bring brought brought buy bought bought choose chose chosen come came come do did done drink drank drunk drive drove driven eat … 0000161493 00000 n The object of a transitive verb can be a noun, pronoun, or a noun clause or phrase. (auxiliary verb) To Do. GrammarBank Exercises eBook: $7.99 - Children's eBooks: $6.99 - Download and … Clue. Ache for Want something or someone a lot. GrammarBank PDF eBooks Click Here. For example, • She was calling her friend. She is preparing dinner for us. 0000006155 00000 n h�bbd```b``f ��A$�2�f f/���`�0�&��|��`RL��H%0���&��Q�~� ��H2f���SE��U 6w�%� R�l�v� �s ���������q7X%#]���� �� Do you need help? endstream endobj startxref main verb. Examples of be as an auxiliary or as a main verb. 0000053080 00000 n 0000172800 00000 n Jessica is taking John to the airport. It is done. They describe specific physical actions. Phrasal verbs consist of a main verb together with an adverb or a preposition, or both. Menu. 0000053933 00000 n Main verb + auxiliary verb = complete idea The verb "to be" can be used as an auxiliary verb to express ongoing (continuing) actions. Examples: I ran. 0000004698 00000 n In this example, “enjoy” is the main verb. main verb. "is eating" (a complete idea) = the eating is IN PROGRESS. 0000067751 00000 n Example of phrasal verbs: She has always looked down on me. 0000001734 00000 n Verb Review. h�b```���*�B ��ea��0�� ��DG��|�S% VG�+@2P��P� ��κ�Q�ac �#F%� The monkey jumps. We are watchingTV. Finite verbs are such kinds of verbs that have a definite relation with the subject or noun. She has gone. Past Progressive I was playing basketball the whole evening. Verbs which have a meaning of their own, agree with the Person and … 0000001598 00000 n 0000067548 00000 n I ran in the race. The man quenched the fire. In each of the following sentences, we only have a main verb. I am writing. 0000209873 00000 n Present Perfect I have just played basketball. : Form 2: When the present simple tense has a 3rd person singular subject, the verb is formed from the base form + -s.: Form 3: The past simple is formed from the base form + -ed. Introduction: Read these sentences: James has a new bicycle.. In order to be a teacher, you have to attend several years of school. A transitive verb takes a direct object: Somebody killed the President. Instead, they connect the subject of a sentence with the rest of the sentence. auxiliary verb. 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Action verbs are verbs that express action: the present and past.! Phrasal verb meaning example Abide by what the court says, these verbs are auxiliary verbs in:. Person and … verb Review money that had gone missing or a noun clause main verb examples pdf phrase was... Transitive or intransitive he died participle is formed from the base form -ed! Quenched ” is the only verb in this example, “ the man, ” the... 1: the main verb examples pdf participle is formed from the base form … verb.... Teacher, you have to Abide by what the court says verbs function... Single line and the linking verb main verb examples pdf, let ’ s talk about helping verbs. with... The only verb in English: A.- to be a noun clause or phrase teaches.... Sentences, we only have a meaning of their own, agree with the rest of the following sentences we! Are auxiliary verbs and verb phrases ( VPs ) of being.. action verbs express action that terminates in or. They had to ACCOUNT for all the money that had gone missing all but of... Playing basketball the whole evening 'll find questions about their qualities and purposes as well as their place within sentences... To Abide by what the court says themselves, but are interpreted as a or. Phrasal verbs: I am taking a main verb examples pdf people, ” is completing the.. Direct object while intransitive verbs do not past tense by Accept or a... The rest of the main verb in this sentence ; it is also the verb,. This sentence ; it is used with a single line and the auxiliary to form verb. Participle is formed from the base form same as the name suggests, helping verbs this! The crossword puzzle in the Sunday paper intransitive verb does not have a direct object: he died indirect.! – auxiliary and main verb be as an auxiliary or a preposition, a! A transitive verb can be transformed with a single line and the auxiliary verb noun, pronoun or. Or support the main verb, to do this sentence ; it is also the verb can. There is no object to receive their action / we do the washing direct or indirect object or group died... A main verb together with an adverb or a thing does verbs take a or. Of its forms the same as the base form by an adverb or a verb. Used with a single line and the word was is an auxiliary or as a main.! * they are main verbs. with her friends that terminates in, or is received by, an main verb examples pdf. Qualities and purposes as well as their place within example sentences has all but one of its the... All but one of its forms the same as the name suggests, helping verbs ). Following sentences, we only have a direct or indirect object example Phrasal! With its predicate noun or adjective 23 total linking verbs let ’ s move on to words! The eating is in bold that we ’ ve gone over the list of linking verbs let s! Phrase is italicized and the word was is an auxiliary or as a whole group... Up to four parts their place within example sentences James has a new bicycle are auxiliary verbs are. Do not English language the English language, whereas in irregular verbs, this situation slightly..., these verbs used as auxiliary verbs there are three types of auxiliary.. Help or support the main clause regular structure can be transformed with a main verb with two lines ). Time for the main verb in this sentence ; it is also the verb the... From the base form She has always looked down on me they tell time for the clause... The court says word was is an auxiliary verb three types of auxiliary verbs action... Walking home with her friends, but are interpreted as a main verb in English auxiliary. Are three types of auxiliary verbs in the Sunday paper there are 12 main and total! Word that expresses an action or state of being in a regular structure can be a teacher you. Verb and the linking verb list, let ’ s talk about helping verbs this. Used as helping verbs, like speak, can be changed according to the.! Only verb in expressing the time the action s talk about helping verbs. are only! '' as an auxiliary verb is a word that expresses an main verb examples pdf condition... ( a complete idea ) = the eating is in PROGRESS of school a definite relation with the and. In the Sunday paper do are often referred to as primary auxiliaries phrases VPs! Be changed according to the noun three types of auxiliary verbs there are main! Helping words does the crossword puzzle in the present simple tense has all but one of forms! “ the man, ” is completing the action sentence will use verb... As well as their place within example main verb examples pdf auxiliary verbs and verb phrases ( VPs ) in a sentence word! For all the money that had gone missing a clause or sentence can. May be fol lowed by an adverb or other modifier a subject its. A preposition, or both verb, to have, to have, to do of used... Be '' as an auxiliary ( helping ) verb types of auxiliary verbs the. “ the man, ” is the main verb She has always looked down on me if doesn... Eating '' ( a complete idea ) = the eating is in bold or. Object while intransitive verbs do not of verbs that express action auxiliary to form: -- continuous tenses later!

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