Pere Puigserver, in Hematology (Seventh Edition), 2018. Scientists theorized that amino acids were encoded by nucleotide triplets and that the genetic code was degenerate. In an analysis of the nucleotide composition of a double stranded DNA to see which bases are equivalent in concentration, which of the following would be true? Here is a general formula. In other words, a given amino acid could be encoded by more than one nucleotide triplet. a. 2 Nucleotides. Dietary nucleic acids are absorbed as nucleotides, nucleosides, and free bases. The 64 codons involve sense codons (that specify amino acids). In contrast, there are 64 possible nucleotide triplets (4 3), which is far more than the number of amino acids. A = G and C = T only c. A + C = G + T only d. A + T = G + C e. all of the above are possible Nucleotide, any member of a class of organic compounds in which the molecular structure comprises a nitrogen-containing unit (base) linked to a sugar and a phosphate group. Genome, gene and transcript sequence data provide the foundation for biomedical research and discovery. Nucleotide Metabolism. Single nucleotide polymorphisms, frequently called SNPs (pronounced “snips”), are the most common type of genetic variation. Susan S. Baker, Robert D. Baker, in Immunophysiology of the Gut, 1993. A nucleotide can contain one of two sugars: Deoxyribose, a monomer of DNA, OR Nucleotides are important participants in energy-transfer reactions, are precursors for nucleic acid synthesis, and function as coenzymes. The Nucleotide database is a collection of sequences from several sources, including GenBank, RefSeq, TPA and PDB. Nucleotide diversity can be calculated by examining the DNA sequences directly or may be estimated from molecular marker data. Each SNP represents a difference in a single DNA building block, called a “nucleotide.” For example, an SNP may replace the nucleotide cytosine (C) with the nucleotide thymine (T) in a certain stretch of DNA. where xi and xj are the respective frequencies of the ith and jth sequences, ij is the number of nucleotide differences per nucleotide site between the ith and jth sequences. The term nucleotide refers to the base, sugar, and phosphate group. A + C is the same as A + T b. The nucleotides are of great importance to living organisms, as they are the building blocks of nucleic acids, the substances The structure of adenosine triphosphate is shown in Figure 1.5, in which the phosphate group is attached to the 5′ carbon of the ribose. Hence, there are 64 codons for 20 amino acids since every codon for one amino acid means that there exist more than code for the same amino acid. 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