Meanwhile, in You Province, Yuan Xi's subordinate Jiao Chu (焦觸) revolted and surrendered to Cao Cao, forcing Yuan Xi and Yuan Shang to flee further north to join the Wuhuan tribes under chief Tadun. In view of Cao Cao's overwhelming forces, many of Sun Quan's followers, including Zhang Zhao, strongly advocated surrender. Tadun was killed in battle while Yuan Xi and Yuan Shang sought refuge under Gongsun Kang, a warlord who controlled most of present-day Liaoning. Yuan Shao became annoyed with Tian Feng and had Tian imprisoned, after which he led his army south to attack Cao Cao. Both sides became locked in a stalemate, except for a clash at the Battle of Han River, before Cao Cao eventually decided to withdraw his forces, giving up Hanzhong to Liu Bei. D) The collapse of the Han Dynasty was precipitated by a foreign ruler who came to power. Some of those warlords were friendly with Li Jue's forces, while others remained hostile to them, even though all of them nominally acknowledged Emperor Xian as the sovereign ruler of China. The province became Liu Bei's new base, and he used the mountainous surroundings as natural defenses against Cao Cao in the north. Concurrently, provincial warlords all over China battled each other to expand their territories or further their personal interests. NOAA Hurricane Forecast Maps Are Often Misinterpreted — Here's How to Read Them. He Jin and Yuan Shao plotted to exterminate all the Ten Attendants, a group of ten influential eunuch officials in the court, but Empress Dowager He disapproved of their plan. The reasons for this Chinese dynasty's collapse range from apathetic rulers to aggression from outside hordes. Around this time, Gao Gan also rebelled against Cao Cao, but was defeated by 206 and killed while attempting to flee south to join Liu Biao. Dong Zhuo arrived on the scene and found Emperor Shao and the Prince of Chenliu. By late 208, with help from Zhou Yu and Lu Su (and Zhuge Liang, who represented Liu Bei in the diplomatic exchange), an alliance was formed between Sun Quan and Liu Bei against Cao Cao. Liu Zhang surrendered and yielded Yi Province to Liu Bei. Zhou Yu set up a defensive position in conjunction with Liu Bei, whose army garrisoned on land. As the power of the emperor weakened, military commanders acted more independently and tried to secure power for themselves. During the previous dynasty, the Qin, Liu Bang had been a minor official. The Qin dynasty (221-206 BCE) was very short and cruel; by the time it collapsed, Liu Bang had raised an army and claimed the vacant t… With a weakened military budget, the army was not well equipped to defend itself against outside threats. The increased influence of these provincial governors formed the basis on which later warlords would control large regions of the Han empire. However, Cao Cao later had an affair with Zhang Xiu's widowed aunt, angering Zhang. The Generals Allied Themselves with Wealthy Landowners and the Generals Declared Warlords. Yuan Shao remained hesitant and did not come to a conclusion on whether to receive the emperor or not. Empress He, now empress dowager, became regent to the young emperor, while her older brother, General-in-Chief He Jin, became the most powerful official in the imperial court. On the other hand, Liu Bei used the opportunity to attack the four commanderies of Wuling, Changsha, Lingling and Guiyang in southern Jing Province and bring them under his control. Sino-Xiongnu. Lü Bu bore a grudge against Dong Zhuo because the latter almost killed him once during a fit of anger, and also because he was afraid that his secret affair with one of Dong Zhuo's maids might be exposed. 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