President Franklin Roosevelt's Fireside Chat On The Progress Of The War, 02/23/1942 ... President Franklin Roosevelt's Fireside Chat On The Progress Of The War, 02/23/1942 by International Business Machines Corporation. These routes are not one-way streets, for the ships (which) that carry our troops and munitions out-bound bring back essential raw materials which we require for our own use. February 23, 1942. Guam lies in the middle of them—a lone outpost which we have never fortified. If any dispute arises we shall keep on working while the dispute is. I tell you that this is not so. 2. Of all of the combatant ships based on Pearl Harbor – battleships, heavy cruisers, light cruisers, aircraft carriers, destroyers and submarines – only three (were) are permanently put out of commission. But they do not wish to help the enemy any more than our fighting forces do; and they will pay little attention to the rumor-mongers and the poison peddlers in our midst. You and I have the utmost contempt for Americans who, since Pearl Harbor, have whispered or announced "off the record" that there was no longer any Pacific Fleet—that the fleet was all sunk or destroyed on December 7—that more than a thousand of our planes were destroyed on the ground. The great Chinese people have suffered grievous losses; Chungking has been almost wiped out of existence – yet it remains the capital of an unbeatable China. Our first job then is to build up production – uninterrupted production – so that the United Nations can maintain control of the seas and attain control of the air – not merely a slight superiority, but an overwhelming superiority. Amid an atmosphere of pessimism and defeatism, Roosevelt attempts to reinstate confidence in the American people. The fireside chats were a series of evening radio addresses given by U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt between 1933 and 1944. Look at the vast area of Russia, with its powerful armies and proven military might. Stream ad-free or purchase CD's and MP3s now on Amazon.co.uk. He and the brave men who served with him knew that no man's life or fortune was secure without freedom and free institutions. February 23, 1942. The address began at 10 p.m. Washington time – Monday, February 23, 1942 – and was broadcast on … by Franklin Roosevelt. 2. Until our flow of supplies gives us clear superiority we must keep on striking our enemies wherever and whenever we can meet them, even if, for a while, we have to yield ground. Families across the country grew accustomed to gathering around their radios to … This page was last edited on 2 October 2012, at 15:18. Summary: Events of the previous days: Due to the failing attempts to win battles against the Japanese in the Philippines, MacArthur and his troops are ordered to leave immediately so that they do not fall to Japanese forces. We have unified command and cooperation and comradeship. That is the reason why I have asked you to take out and spread before you a map of the whole earth, and to follow with me the references which I shall make to the world-encircling battle lines of this war. Look at the vast area of China, with its millions of fighting men. The Allies on the Defensive The situation the Allies faced at the start of 1942 was bad - and quickly getting worse. This theme has been that Americans are admittedly rich, (and) that Americans have considerable industrial power – but that Americans are soft and decadent, that they cannot and will not unite and work and fight. Ever since this Nation became the arsenal of democracy—ever since enactment of lend-lease- there has been one persistent theme through all Axis propaganda. Though their homeland was overrun, the Dutch people are still fighting stubbornly and powerfully overseas. Every Japanese transport sunk off Java is one less transport that they can use to carry reinforcements to their army opposing General MacArthur in Luzon. 3. During this radio broadcast, FDR explained the overarching strategies of fighting a global war. But there was never the slightest question that either the British or the Russians would yield. Even if the attack had not been made your map will show that it would have been a hopeless operation for us to send the Fleet to the Philippines through thousands of miles of ocean, while all those island bases were under the sole control of the Japanese. Never before have we been called upon for such a prodigious effort. During this fireside chat, a Japanese submarine surfaced off Golata, CA, and shelled an oil refinery. Some of those that were there were hit very slightly, and others that were damaged have either rejoined the Fleet by now or are still undergoing repairs. In every part of the country, experts in production and the men and women at work in the plants are giving loyal service. We had no safe naval bases there, so we could not use the islands for extensive naval operations. Look too at North America, Central America and South America. He was right about the human toll—in two months the pandemic has killed more Americans than any conflict since World War II. The United Nations constitute an association of independent peoples of equal dignity and equal importance. The islands that lie between Hawaii and the Philippines – these islands, hundreds of them, appear only as small dots on most maps, but do not appear at all. USH 11:30pm. We are daily increasing our strength. There have been times when the fate of London and Moscow was in serious doubt. If a just and durable peace is to be attained, or even if all of us are merely to save our own skins, there is one thought for us here at home to keep uppermost—the fulfillment of our special task of production. Heavy bombers can fly under their own power from here to the southwest Pacific, either way, but the smaller planes cannot. Supplies and equipment were lacking. Fireside Chat in Diplomatic Reception Room. It is warfare in terms of every continent, every island, every sea, every air lane in the world. The British and the Russian people have known the full fury of Nazi onslaught. The United Nations constitutes an association of independent peoples of equal dignity and equal importance. Let them tell that to the Marines! We are working longer hours. And the people of Korea and of Manchuria know in their flesh the harsh despotism of Japan. But I can say that to date—and including Pearl Harbor—we have destroyed considerably more Japanese planes than they have destroyed of ours. It is a job which requires tremendous daring, tremendous resourcefulness, and, above all, tremendous production of planes and tanks and guns and also of the ships to carry them. And General Washington ordered that these great words written by Tom Paine be read to the men of every regiment in the Continental Army, and this was the assurance given to the first American armed forces: And when those repairs are completed, the ships will be more efficient fighting machines than they were before. Check out Fireside Chat On The Progress Of The War (February 23rd 1942) by President Franklin D. Roosevelt on Amazon Music. Before this war even started, the Philippine Islands were already surrounded on three sides by Japanese power. Roosevelt’s Fireside Chat. In advance of the address Roosevelt asked citizens to have a world map in front of them as they listened to him speak. In this battle area, Japan has had an obvious initial advantage. In advance of the address Roosevelt asked citizens to have a world map in front of them as they listened to him speak. For eight years, General Washington and his Continental Army were faced continually with formidable odds and recurring defeats. Patriotic and sensible Americans will reject these absurdities. You and I have the utmost contempt for Americans who, since Pearl Harbor, have whispered or announced "off the record" that there was no longer any Pacific Fleet – that the Fleet was all sunk or destroyed on December 7th – that more than a thousand of our planes were destroyed on the ground. So speak Americans today! When is he speaking to them? The American people realize that in many cases details of military operations cannot be disclosed until we are absolutely certain that the announcement will not give to the enemy military information which he does not already possess. Your government has unmistakable confidence in your ability to hear the worst, without flinching or losing heart. We have most certainly suffered losses—from Hitler's U-boats in the Atlantic as well as from the Japanese in the Pacific- and we shall suffer more of them before the turn of the tide. ... [20] February 23, 1942 Fireside Chat On The Progress Of The War FDR Audio Preview It is the old familiar Axis policy of "divide and conquer." We of the United Nations are agreed on certain broad principles in the kind of peace we seek. Look at your map again; and you will see that the route is long- and at many places perilous- either across the South Atlantic all the way around South Africa and the Cape of Good Hope, or from California to the East Indies direct. We will do it cheerfully, remembering that the common enemy seeks to destroy every home and every freedom in every part of our land. Follow along as Roosevelt explains the impending battle. My fellow Americans: Failing in that, they are now trying to destroy our confidence in our own allies. Washington's Birthday is a most appropriate occasion for us to talk with each other about things as they are today and things as we know they shall be in the future. We have most certainly suffered losses – from Hitler's U-Boats in the Atlantic as well as from the Japanese in the Pacific – and we shall suffer more of them before the turn of the tide. Failing in that, they are now trying to destroy our confidence in our own allies. There are those who still think in terms of the days of sailing ships. The British and the Russian people have known the full fury of Nazi onslaught. FDR - Fireside Chat - Progress of the War 02-23-1942 - YouTube The broad oceans which have been heralded in the past as our protection from attack have become endless battlefields on which we are constantly being challenged by our enemies. Germany, Italy and Japan are very close to their maximum output of planes, guns, tanks and ships. Japan in such a case could release great numbers of ships and men to launch attacks on a large scale against the coasts of the Western Hemisphere- South America and Central America, and North America- including Alaska. But, speaking for the United States of America, let me say once and for all to the people of the world: We Americans have been compelled to yield ground, but we will regain it. Conquered Nations in Europe know what the yoke of the Nazis is like. He and the brave men who served with him knew that no man's life or fortune was secure, without freedom and free institutions. We of the United Nations are agreed on certain broad principles in the kind of peace we seek. In response to calls for an Asia-first policy, Roosevelt demonstrates to the American people the importance his administrations war strategy. We shall not demand special gains or special privileges or special advantages for any one group or occupation. (4.) Washington's Birthday is a most appropriate occasion for us to talk with each other about things as they are today and things as we know they shall be in the future. Never before have we had so little time in which to do so much. Japan in such a case could (then) release great numbers of ships and men to launch attacks on a large scale against the coasts of the Western Hemisphere – South America and Central America, and North America – including Alaska. They have suggested slyly that the Government has withheld the truth about casualties—that eleven or twelve thousand men were killed at Pearl Harbor instead of the figures as officially announced. And the people of Korea and of Manchuria know in their flesh the harsh despotism of Japan. In every part of the country, experts in production and the men and women at work in the plants are giving loyal service. PP 10:47pm. Fireside Chat by Franklin Roosevelt. We are coming to realize that one extra plane or extra tank or extra gun or extra ship completed tomorrow may, in a few months, turn the tide on some distant battlefield; it may make the difference between life and death for some of our own fighting men. A brilliant leader and politician, FDR went directly to the people, speaking to … Edward Dougherty. The task that we Americans now face will test us to the uttermost. Toggle navigation From Wikisource. In spite of the length, (and) in spite of the difficulties of this transportation, I can tell you that in two and a half months we already have a large number of bombers and pursuit planes, manned by American pilots and crews, which are now in daily contact with the enemy in the Southwest Pacific. I tell you that this is not so. Tonight, nearly two months later, and after a careful survey of progress by Donald Nelson and others charged with responsibility for our production, I can tell you that those goals will be attained. The present great struggle has taught us increasingly that freedom of person and security of property anywhere in the world depend upon the security of the rights and obligations of liberty and justice everywhere in the world. In Asia, Japan had severely damaged America's Pacific fleet and attacked British, Dutch, and American strongholds from Burma to Wake Island. On the north are the islands of Japan themselves, reaching down almost to northern Luzon. The American people want to know, and will be told, the general trend of how the war is going. Next September 7, 1942: Fireside Chat 22: On Inflation and Food Prices. And instead of listening to any of this crude propaganda, they will recall some of the things that Nazis and Japanese have said and are still saying about us. With few exceptions, labor, capital and farming realize that this is no time either to make undue profits or to gain special advantages, one over the other. 1. We knew that the war as a whole would have to be fought and won by a process of attrition against Japan itself. Fourth, if by such a fatuous policy, we ceased to protect the North Atlantic supply line to Britain and to Russia, we would help to cripple the splendid counter-offensive by Russia against the Nazis, and we would help to deprive Britain of essential food supplies and munitions. On February 23, 1942, President Franklin Roosevelt prepared for his first fireside chat since the attack on Pearl Harbor. https://en.wikisource.org/w/index.php?title=Roosevelt%27s_Fireside_Chat,_23_February_1942&oldid=4083786, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. A vessel can make a round trip by either route in about four months, or only three round trips in a whole year. And I speak again for the American people when I say that we can and will do that job. I know (that) I speak for the mass of the American people when I say that we reject the turtle policy and will continue increasingly the policy of carrying the war to the enemy in distant lands and distant waters – as far away as possible from our own home grounds. We are coming to realize that one extra plane or extra tank or extra gun or extra ship completed tomorrow may, in a few months, turn the tide on some distant battlefield; it may make the difference between life and death for some of our own fighting men. Tom Paine wrote those words on a drumhead, by the light of a campfire. On February 23, 1942, FDR made a fireside chat on war progress. Your Government has unmistakable confidence in your ability to hear the worst, without flinching or losing heart. Stream ad-free or purchase CD's and MP3s now on Amazon.com. And when those repairs are completed, the ships will be more efficient fighting machines than they were before. The Axis propagandists have tried in various evil ways to destroy our determination and our morale. And today all the United Nations salute the superb Russian Army as it celebrates the twenty-fourth anniversary of its first assembly. On January 6th of this year, I set certain definite goals of production for airplanes, tanks, guns and ships. Report on the Home Front Monday, October 12, 1942 [29:25] WH 24. There are four main lines of communication now being traveled by our ships: the North Atlantic, the South Atlantic, the Indian Ocean and the South Pacific. In spite of the length, and in spite of the difficulties of this transportation, I can tell you that in two and a half months we already have a large number of bombers and pursuit planes, manned by American pilots and crews, which are now in daily contact with the enemy in the Southwest Pacific. Let them tell that to the boys in the Flying Fortresses. President Franklin D. Roosevelt chose the 210 th anniversary of George Washington’s birthday to address the American people with his first Fireside Chat since Pearl Harbor. It is obvious what would happen if all of these great reservoirs of power were cut off from each other either by enemy action or by self-imposed isolation: It is essential that we help China in her magnificent defense and in her inevitable counteroffensive—for that is one important element in the ultimate defeat of Japan. You must, in turn, have complete confidence that your Government is keeping nothing from you except information that will help the enemy in his attempt to destroy us. With few exceptions, labor, capital, and farming realize that this is no time either to make undue profits or to gain special advantages, one over the other. It is obvious what would happen if all of these great reservoirs of power were cut off from each other either by enemy action or by self-imposed isolation: First, in such a case, we could no longer send aid of any kind to China—to the brave people who, for nearly five years, have withstood Japanese assault, destroyed hundreds of thousands of Japanese soldiers and vast quantities of Japanese war munitions. He held to his course, as it had been charted in the Declaration of Independence. I ask you to look at your maps again, particularly at that portion of the Pacific Ocean lying west of Hawaii. Though their homeland was overrun, the Dutch people are still fighting stubbornly and powerfully overseas. The Axis propagandists have tried in various evil ways to destroy our determination and our morale. It is that complete encirclement, with control of the air by Japanese land-based aircraft, which has prevented us from sending substantial reinforcements of men and material to the gallant defenders of the Philippines. MacArthur's army of Filipinos and Americans, and the forces of the United Nations in China, in Burma, and the Netherlands East Indies, are all together fulfilling the same essential task. "These are the times that try men's souls." Let them repeat that now! Now, many of those same people, afraid that we may be sticking our necks out, want our national bird to be turned into a turtle. It is different from all other wars of the past, not only in its methods and weapons but also in its geography. Immediately after this war started, the Japanese forces moved down on either side of the Philippines to numerous points south of them – thereby completely encircling the (Islands) Philippines from north, and south, and east and west. Fireside Chat on the Progress of the War. Almost every Axis broadcast – Berlin, Rome, Tokyo – directly quotes Americans who, by speech or in the press, make damnable misstatements such as these. Throughout the thirteen states there existed fifth columnists—and selfish men, jealous men, fearful men, who proclaimed that Washington's cause was hopeless, and that he should ask for a negotiated peace. If any dispute arises we shall keep on working while the dispute is solved by mediation, or conciliation or arbitration – until the war is won. President Roosevelt in the Oval Office addressing the nation during one of his wartime fireside chats, February 23, 1942. Very many of the ships of the Pacific Fleet were not even in Pearl Harbor. Of all the combatant ships based at Pearl Harbor—battleships, heavy cruisers, light cruisers, aircraft carriers, destroyers and submarines—only three are permanently put out of commission. Ever since this nation became the arsenal of democracy – ever since enactment of Lend-Lease – there has been one persistent theme through all Axis propaganda. For forty years it has always been our strategy – a strategy born of necessity – that in the event of a full-scale attack on the Islands by Japan, we should fight a delaying action, attempting to retire slowly into Bataan Peninsula and Corregidor. Let them tell that to the sailors who today are hitting hard in the far waters of the Pacific. Washington's conduct in those hard times has provided the model for all Americans ever since – a model of moral stamina. White House. We share equally and with equal zeal the anguish and the awful sacrifices of war. Name: _____ Period: __ Listen to Roosevelt’s fireside chat and answer the following questions. Tyranny, like hell, is not easily conquered; yet we have this consolation with us, that the harder the sacrifice, the more glorious the triumph.". US and World Events plus Additional Resources . It has been said that Japanese gains in the Philippines were made possible only by the success of their surprise attack on Pearl Harbor. Very many of the ships of the Pacific Fleet were not even in Pearl Harbor. These routes are not one-way streets- for the ships that carry our troops and munitions outbound bring back essential raw materials which we require for our own use. Under the Washington Treaty of 1921 we had solemnly agreed not to add to the fortification of the Philippines (Islands). But let me illustrate what would happen if we followed such foolish advice. For some time President Franklin D. Roosevelt (FDR) had addressed the American people during times of crisis and concern by using a device called "the fireside chat." The defense of the world-wide lines of communication demands relatively safe use by us of the sea and of the air along the various routes; and this, in turn, depends upon control by the United Nations of many strategic bases along those routes. We are seeking more men and more women to run them. Rector and Visitors of the University of Virginia, February 23, 1942: Fireside Chat 20: On the Progress of the War, Notice of Non-Discrimination and Equal Opportunity, December 11, 1941: Message to Congress Requesting War Declarations with Germany and Italy, April 28, 1942: Fireside Chat 21: On Sacrifice, September 7, 1942: Fireside Chat 22: On Inflation and Food Prices, October 12, 1942: Fireside Chat 23: On the Home Front, January 7, 1943: State of the Union Address, May 2, 1943: Fireside Chat 24: On the Coal Crisis, July 28, 1943: Fireside Chat 25: On the Fall of Mussolini, September 8, 1943: Fireside Chat 26: On the Armistice in Italy, December 24, 1943: Fireside Chat 27: On the Tehran and Cairo Conferences, January 11, 1944: Fireside Chat 28: On the State of the Union. It is essential that we help China in her magnificent defense and in her inevitable counteroffensive – for that is one important element in the ultimate defeat of Japan. On Inflation and Progress of the War Monday, September 7, 1942 [26:56] [Last Fireside Chat so designated in Master Speech File] HP 23. 4791 Fireside Chat Franklin Roosevelt. In a sense, every winter was a Valley Forge. So spoke Americans in the year 1776. Actually, though, we are taking a heavy toll of the enemy every day that goes by. Amid an atmosphere of pessimism and defeatism, Roosevelt attempts to reinstate confidence in the American people. On the west, the China side, the Japanese were in possession of the coast of China and the coast of Indo-China which had been yielded to them by the Vichy French. To pass from the realm of rumor and poison to the field of facts: The number of our officers and men killed in the attack on Pearl Harbor on December 7 was 2,340, and the number wounded was 946. And General Washington ordered that these great words written by Tom Paine be read to the men of every regiment in the Continental Army, and this was the assurance given to the first American armed forces: "The summer soldier and the sunshine patriot will, in this crisis, shrink from the service of their country; but he that stands it now, deserves the love and thanks of man and woman. (2.) For she could fly even her short-range planes to the points of attack by using many stepping stones open to her—bases in a multitude of Pacific islands and also bases on the China coast, Indo-China coast, and in Thailand and Malay coasts. solved by mediation, conciliation, or arbitration- until the war is won. RADIO ADDRESS OF THE PRESIDENT: February 23, 1942. And today all the United Nations salutes the superb Russian Army as it celebrates the 24th anniversary of its first assembly. About Search. The defense of the world-wide lines of communication demands – compel relatively safe use by us of the sea and of the air along the various routes; and this, in turn, depends upon control by the United Nations of (the) many strategic bases along those routes. That was when Washington's little army of ragged, rugged men was retreating across New Jersey, having tasted (nothing) naught but defeat. It is a job which requires tremendous daring, tremendous resourcefulness, and, above all, tremendous production of planes and tanks and guns and also of the ships to carry them. That means a national unity that can know no limitations of race or creed or selfish politics. We had no safe naval bases there, so we could not use the islands for extensive naval operations. The maintenance of these vital lines is a very tough job. Fireside Chats. They advise us to pull our warships and our planes and our merchant ships into our own home waters and concentrate solely on last-ditch defense. On the east, are the Mandated Islands – which Japan had occupied exclusively, and had fortified in absolute violation of her written word. The Japanese had just attacked Pearl Harbor two and a half months earlier and tensions were high for folks living on the coast. We fight at these vast distances because that is where our enemies are. Check out Fireside Chat On The Progress Of The War (February 23rd 1942) by President Franklin D. Roosevelt on Amazon Music. This war is a new kind of war. Tom Paine wrote those words on a drumhead, by the light of a campfire. That is the conquering spirit which prevails throughout the United Nations in this war. (1.) We shall give up conveniences and modify the routine of our lives if our country asks us to do so. We are calling for plant conversion to war needs. Second, if we lost communication with the Southwest Pacific, all of that area, including Australia and New Zealand and the Dutch Indies, would fall under Japanese domination. To Apartments ... 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