But there are also many species besides C. horizontalis, including: David Beaulieu is a garden writer with nearly 20 years experience writing about landscaping and over 10 years experience working in nurseries. If planting as a ground cover, container-grown shrubs should be planted 4 to 5 feet apart to give them room to spread into a solid mass. These spreading shrubs are often used as sprawling rock garden plants, or to cascade over retaining walls or embankments. Long leading horizontal branches sweep out gracefully in a strict herring-bone pattern. Valuable food source for birds. Juniperus horizontalis, commonly called creeping juniper, is a procumbent evergreen shrub that is native to Alaska, Canada and the northern U.S. from New England to New York to the Great Lakes, Wyoming and Montana.Distribution in the northern U.S. is somewhat spotty. Family Rosaceae . Rockspray Cotoneaster (Cotoneaster Horizontalis) These are spreading, deciduous plants that grow 2 to 3 feet tall, and can spread up to 8 feet. Birds, bees, and butterflies are all attracted by these bushes. Cotoneaster simonsii. Full to partial sun. It is typically found growing … Indeed, mid-November is the period when planting conditions are most favorable. Compact, small-leafed 'Emerald Carpet' is 1215 inches tall, spreading to 8 feet wide; 'Autumn Fire' ('Herbstfeuer') grows to 23 feet tall and 8 feet wide. One is a naturally occurring variety (C. horizontalis var. Cotoneaster horizontalis is most widely used for this purpose. These sprays develop a distinctive herringbone pattern which is quite appealing. But rock cotoneasters really come into their own in autumn, when they bear both attractive fall foliage and berries. Rock cotoneaster shrub (Cotoneaster horizontalis) offers a nice example of a plant with four-season interest. Creeping cotoneaster is a dense, low-growing, spreading shrub used as a ground cover, in rock gardens, or cascading over stone walls. It requires well-drained soil and tolerates poor soils in full sun to part shade. This plant is not fussy about soil pH, although it generally performs best in soil with a roughly neutral soil pH. Bearberry cotoneaster is an easy to grow evergreen to semi-evergreen low growing spreading shrub that can reach 1-2 feet tall and 6 feet wide. The best time to plant cotoneasters is the fall although they will also do well if planted in the spring. Branching becomes somewhat tiered over time. Rock cotoneaster is not a heavy feeder. Branches showing signs of fireblight or canker should be removed and destroyed. Cotoneaster horizontalis is a species of flowering plant in the genus Cotoneaster of the family Rosaceae. perpusillus), which grows only 1 foot tall, making it an ideal ground cover plant. Noteworthy Characteristics. Cotoneasters are hardy plants that can withstand temperatures that drop to -10 °F (-23 °C). The branches root along the ground as they grow. By late winter the withering berries continue to lure hungry wild birds. At the same time, these stiff, dense shrubs are deer-resistant. Within the rock cotoneaster species, there are two varieties to consider. It is not necessary to prune cotoneaster plants for the health of the plant, but you may want to do so to contain their spread. praecox. These plants do well in relatively low humidity; humid weather may cause fungal leaf spots, though this is rarely a life-threatening problem. Greenish to red-brown stems with branchlets arranged in a fishbone pattern. But newly-planted cotoneaster plants need a bit of pampering; be sure to give them plenty of water as they are becoming established. Colorful orange red fall foliage backs shiny red berries. If you feel that a particular branch spoils the overall shape of the plant, follow the branch all the way back to the center of the shrub and make your pruning cut there. Spring blooms give way to abundant showy red fruits. Deciduous. The name, Rockspray Cotoneaster, is also applied to C. microphyllus (Sunset Western Garden Book, 2001). Cooperative Extension, which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians. Fireblight, leaf spots, and canker may be problems. Dainty leaves are edged in white, shaded pink to red in fall. Its main soil requirement is good drainage. Purchase a container-grown plant from a reputable nursery. Typically used in rock gardens, on slopes or rock wall and can be trained to walls, trellises or fences. The shiny leaves are small and roundish, with a fine texture that provides a nice contrast to larger-leafed plants. The unusual fishbone branch pattern provides year-round interest. I have seen the cranberry cotoneaster mixed with a small spreading juniper to create a beautiful combination. It is a fairly slow-growing shrub, taking several years to reach its maximum 3-foot height. ---Sir George Sitwell in "Essay on the Making of Gardens" … Horizontalis varieties are found in Western China and are commonly referred to as Rockspray or Wall Cotoneaster. NC State University and N.C. A&T State University work in tandem, along with federal, state and local governments, to Read our Commitment to Diversity | Read our Privacy Statement. When new shoots begin to appear, remove the cover and continue to grow indoors. Small, 5-petaled, white flowers tinged with pink are … Slow-growing, Cotoneaster horizontalis (Rock Cotoneaster) is a spreading, deciduous shrub with flat and stiff, regularly-branched sprays in a strict herring-bone pattern. Glossy and green through most of the year, they turn vibrant shades of red and orange in fall. Two of the common names for C. horizontalis—rock cotoneaster and wall cotoneaster—give a strong hint of its uses in the landscape. Valued for its tiny white flowers, excellent glossy foliage and attractive red berries. By the following spring, the new specimen will have a good root system and will be ready to plant in the landscape. The fall color ranges from reddish-orange to burgundy. prostrata. Himalayan cotoneaster is a semi-evergreen shrub with an … To grow healthy and happy, these shrubs prefer temperatures that range from 41 to 68 °F (5-20 … Trim cotoneaster that is low-growing by removing a few of the oldest branches. These plants struggle in hot conditions, so don't try to grow them south of zone 7. Details C. horizontalis is a … Spring blooms give way to abundant showy red fruits. White spring flowers are followed by red fruits that persist into winter. The easiest way to propagate this plant is by stem cuttings. An interesting accent or groundcover due to its prostrate arching branches that display a herringbone pattern. It requires well-drained soil and tolerates poor soils in full sun to part shade. Hesse Cotoneaster (Contoneaster x 'Hessei'): Hesse cotoneaster is considered a hybrid between Cotoneaster horizontalis and Cotoneaster adpressus var. Add compost to the soil as needed. A low-growing shrub reaching 1 to 2 feet high. 2 to3 feet tall; 6- to 8-foot spread feet, Rock Cotoneaster vs. Other Cotoneaster Species, 10 Best Evergreens for Privacy Screens and Hedges, 29 Shrubs That Grow in Full or Partial Shade, 'Arnold Promise' Witch Hazel Plant Profile, 'Emerald Gaiety' Wintercreeper Plant Profile. COTONEASTER HORIZONTALIS SEEDS (Rockspray cotoneaster) - Plant World Seeds. Slow growing 2 to 3 ft. tall, 5 to 8 ft. wide. Genus Cotoneaster can be deciduous or evergreen shrubs or small trees, with simple, entire leaves and clusters of small white or pink flowers in spring and summer, followed by showy red, purple or black berries . Better known are trailing forms used as ground covers. Give rock cotoneaster full sun for optimal berry production and fall-foliage color. Oval 1/4 inch wide bright red fruits appear in late summer. Cotoneaster horizontalis, commonly called rockspray cotoneaster, is a coarse, dense, slow-growing, semi-prostrate shrub that grows to 2-3’ tall and spreads over time to 6-8’ wide on stiff, flattened, horizontal branching that features branchlets arranged in fishbone patterns. Repens is similar; it is sometimes grafted to another cotoneaster species and … Cotoneaster / k ə ˈ t oʊ n iː ˈ æ s t ər / is a genus of flowering plants in the rose family, Rosaceae, native to the Palaearctic region (temperate Asia, Europe, north Africa), with a strong concentration of diversity in the genus in the mountains of southwestern China and the Himalayas. Rock cotoneaster is one of those bushes that will strike down roots wherever one of its branches touches the ground. Description. If low-maintenance landscaping is a priority for you, you may wish to skip rock cotoneaster altogether and grow a plant that is more demur. In its southern reaches, it is semi-evergreen to evergreen. If you want to try cutting back cotoneaster varieties that are upright, you have more options. 1/2 inch 5 petaled pink flowers appear in late spring. If you feel lucky you could replace the dead plant with a larger shrub (more costly) to minimize the discrepancy in size. Remove the lower leaves and plant the cuttings into a gritting potting medium. They are related to hawthorns … This Cotoneaster has a layered, flat branching habit, with small glossy green leaves layed out in a distinctive … Warnings. Scientific Name:Cotoneaster horizontalis Common Name:Rockspray Cotoneaster Plant Type:Evergreen Leaf Type:BroadleafHardiness Zone:5, 6, 7 Determine Your Zone Height:5-8 feet Spread:5 - 10 feet loom time:Spring Flower color:Pink Fruit present:Fall Fruit color:Red Light Exposure:Sun, Part Sun These members of the rose family produce light-pink flowers in late spring, and their unusual branching pattern hosts glossy green leaves in summer. Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day), Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours). 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