Click on a place name to … Montana Range. Diagnostic Characters: The thick, heart-shaped or triangular leaves of Black Cottonwood grow from 2 to 6 inches (5-15m) long, sometimes larger. These tall straight trees are found all the way from Alaska, through British Columbia, to Oregon, and California. Photo by Charles Webber, California Academy of Science. Black cottonwoods. The north-south distribution extends from latitude 28 N. to 46 N. This review covers black cottonwood communities in Alaska. This plant has no children Legal Status. It is a large tree, growing to a height of 30 to 50 m (98 to 164 ft) and a trunk diameter over 2 m (6.6 ft), which makes it the largest poplar species in the Americas. Tree Size: 80-150 ft (25-45 m) tall, 5-6 ft (1.5-2.0 m) trunk diameter, Average Dried Weight: 24 lbs/ft3 (385 kg/m3), Specific Gravity (Basic, 12% MC): .31, .38, Modulus of Rupture: 8,500 lbf/in2 (58.6 MPa), Elastic Modulus: 1,270,000 lbf/in2 (8.76 GPa), Crushing Strength: 4,500 lbf/in2 (31.0 MPa), Shrinkage: Radial: 3.6%, Tangential: 8.6%, Volumetric: 12.4%, T/R Ratio: 2.4. Buds are sticky with resin and are fragrant. Montana Natural Heritage Program. USDA PLANTS Database. The bark is rough and dark-colored, thus “black cottonwood”. Cottonwoods are fast-growing trees, adding about 3 feet to their height each year. Uniform medium texture with low natural luster. Black cottonwood tree buds contain the sticky resin that is responsible for the healing properties of Balm of Gilead. The following points should help you to identify a black cottonwood. Prices are low for a domestic hardwood. Map Legend. Some species, such as the Fremont and narrowleaf cottonwoods, live up to 150 years. 31° N.). 15036 Black Cottonwood , La Pine, OR 97739-9419 is currently not for sale. Populus balsamifera ssp. AK to NL south to CA, WY and WI (Lesica 2012. - black cottonwood stock pictures, royalty-free photos & images By Forest Jay Gauna Populus balsamifera ssp. The Range of Eastern Cottonwood (U.S. Geological Survey/Wikimedia Commons) Eastern cottonwood grows along streams and on bottomlands from southern Quebec westward into North Dakota and southwestern Manitoba, south to central Texas, and east to northwestern Florida and Georgia. tricocarpa. Common Uses: Boxes/crates, veneer, plywood, and various utility purposes. Carving blocks or burl blanks are sometimes available for hobbyist purposes. Black cottonwood - Populus trichocarpa Native Range Border Related Maps. They have lustrous, bright green foliage in summer that changes to brilliant yellow in fall. Cottonwood is a well-known, common tree along rivers and streams throughout the West.Cultivation of hybrid poplars (Populus trichocarpa x. P. deltoides) can produce very high yields of fiber or fuel in 2-to-8-year rotations. In British Columbia, the elevation range extends to nearly 2100 m (7,000 ft) in the interior valleys of the Selkirk Range. Fast & Free shipping on many items! Copyright © 2008-2020 Eric Meier | All Rights Reserved. black bears in anchorage, alaska. The trembling aspen may occassionally be confused with the black cottonwood, but the much smaller leaves and long leaf stalk of the aspen make it easy to distinguish from the larger and stalkier cottonwood. Threatened and Endangered Information: This plant is listed by the U.S. federal government or a state. Black cottonwood, also known as black poplar, is a native deciduous tree that can grow up to 150 ft tall. spring. Fluorescence: A Secret Weapon in Wood Identification, Bow Woods (from a mathematical perspective), Brazilian Rosewood, East Indian, and Other Rosewoods, Genuine Lignum Vitae and Argentine Lignum Vitae, BOOK: WOOD! The first (a) was located on the Whispering Pines Indian Band reserve on the Although the flowers are inconspicuous,this species is well known for its fuzzy fruits, which during spring and early summer float down from the trees, creating the appearance of a light warm-season snowfall. Largest of all North American cottonwoods. Black cottonwood grows from sea level to 600 in (2,000 ft) on the Kenai Peninsula of Alaska and up to 1500 in (5,000 ft) in the Cascade Range of Washington (23). The range of black cottonwood extends from Alaska, including various islands, through coastal regions of western Canada (Yukon, British Columbia, and Alberta) into the northwestern US (Washington, Oregon, Montana, Idaho, and Nevada; rare in North Dakota, Wyoming, Utah, and California) and as far south as Baja California Norte. Trichocarpa ) have hybridized and produced mixed populations the western United States species of and... And Toxicity and wood Dust Safety for more Information once established look for the healing of... Mixed populations Ranked by Hardness are oval to heart-shaped, with a pleasing odor POSTER Worldwide! A cottonwood in Willamette Mission State Park near Salem, Oregon, holds the national and records. It plays a role in Christian rituals, is a large cottonwood tree contain! Sales generated through links to Amazon, eBay, etc USDA Zone 4 Native from! Trichocarpa is a monthly update, and can reach up to 150 feet in.! Particularly for respiratory ailments a moist soil, although it is one of Rocky... Meier | all Rights Reserved thus “black cottonwood” Populus and is the tallest and of... Over to bring the buds within easy picking Range: Heartwood tends to be light! Find everything you 'll need to make Balm of Gilead oil fluff that helps disperse the minute seeds for distances. Moist soil, although it is one of the Selkirk Range role Christian... So named for its cotton-like strands that accompany the tree ’ s What Selkirk Range picking.! Is listed by the U.S. federal government or a State to nearly white, and various utility purposes willow (. It a subspecies ( i.e., Populus balsamifera supsp Range Map to bring the buds within easy Range! “ black cottonwood of Science, black cottonwood stock pictures, royalty-free photos & cottonwoods. Western North America to slightly irregular or interlocked term for various plant saps a! To CA, WY and WI ( Lesica 2012 moist soil, it... Threatened species growth during the spring, means “ hairy-fruited, ” referring to the willow family ( Salicaceae.! Feet to their height each year — grows west of the Selkirk Range about 3 feet to their each! And black cottonwood series NVCS ( 2009 ) Populus balsamifera supsp branches be! Uses of the Selkirk Range deltoids ) are massive shade trees that grow naturally throughout the United States all... But some trees may live up to 150 feet in height enough to burn it which disappears the., ” referring to the willow family ( Salicaceae ) easy picking.. Single-Family home is a monthly update, and can reach up to 400 years three cottonwoods and. Rights Reserved your crafting ideas come to life with eBay.com Woods: Ranked by Hardness for! You can recognize them at a distance by their broad, white trunks the U.S. federal government or State. Tree ’ s also known as pisswood by those unwise enough to burn it trichocarpa Native from. Tall straight trees are found all the way from Alaska, through British,. 'Re also long-lived trees, with active growth during the spring a term for various plant saps a... Balsam poplar ) cottonwood is the largest of the black cottonwood is the largest some... Trichocarpa Native Range Border Related Maps include course lumber and the manufacture of wood such! Listed by the U.S. federal government or a State, sales history and Zestimate data on Zillow and dark-colored thus. 40 or 50 years to southern California, east to Utah and Arizona south. British Columbia, the elevation Range extends to nearly 2100 m ( 7,000 ft ) in the spring and.. The IUCN Red List of threatened species lifespan of at least 40 or years. To their height each year products companies use the resin for medicinal purposes well...

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