Fremont cottonwood Populus fremontii. President and CEO Collin O’Mara reveals in a TEDx Talk why it is essential to connect our children and future generations with wildlife and the outdoors—and how doing so is good for our health, economy, and environment. More to come! Anywhere, any time. These may either be gray or green in color. Fremont Cottonwood Populus fremontii. P. fremontii is a large tree growing from 12–35 m (39–115 ft) in height with a wide crown, with a trunk up to 1.5 metres (4 ft 11 in) in diameter. The Black Cottonwood is a large, narrow tree that has 3″ – 5″ elongated, triangular leaves with serrated margins that are shiny and dark green above and whitish below. The species is dioecious (individual flowers are either male or female, but only one sex is to be found on any one plant so both male and female plants must be grown if seed is required). Fremont Cottonwood - Populus fremontii ssp. • From 2,000 to 6,500 feet, mostly in the southern portion of the region. Lanceleaf Cottonwood. Native Introduced Native and Introduced. Some of the grand old cottonwoods in the Rio Grande Valley have reached 90 feet in height, with trunks five feet across. The Plants Database includes the following 2 subspecies of Populus fremontii . The bark is smooth when young, becoming deeply fissured with whitish cracked bark on old trees. Fremont Cottonwood has simple, broad leaves. Does not like wet feet. Botanical Name: Populus fremontii . Frémont's cottonwood was used in the past by settlers and ranchers for fuel and fence posts. Fremont cottonwood Populus fremontii. • From 2,000 to 6,500 feet, mostly in the southern portion of the region. The Black Cottonwood is a large, narrow tree that has 3″ – 5″ elongated, triangular leaves with serrated margins that are shiny and dark green above and whitish below. Cottonwood, several fast-growing trees of North America, members of the genus Populus, in the family Salicaceae, with triangular, toothed leaves and cottony seeds. Leaves: Heart-shaped, with round-toothed edges and flattened leaf stalks. Flowers of Fremont’s Cottonwood. The leaves have coarse teeth on the margins and turn golden yellow in the fall. It occurs naturally in mixed woodlands or along streams below 9,000′. 1. Twigs: The twigs of an eastern cottonwood tree are moderately thick, with star-shaped piths. The Fremont cottonwood is a tree that grows in riparian areas near streams, rivers, and wetlands in the American Southwest. Populus fremontii Zapata, Fremont Cottonwood tree, yellow leaves in December. It is hardy to zone (UK) 7. Leaves of the Fremont Cottonwood are heart-shaped, have rounded teeth, often as wide as they are long, and the same shade of green on both the top and underside. The fruit is a wind dispersed achene, that appears to look like patches of cotton hanging from limbs, thus the name cottonwood. Populus fremontii can provide some challenges in the garden setting as well as providing some very welcome shade. General: Fremont's Cottonwood (Populus fremontii) is a tall, stately tree with a rounded top, heart-shaped leaves, and thick gray, furrowed bark.. Fremont's Cottonwood is found along washes, rivers, and other wet areas in the Upper Sonoran (Mojave Desert Scrub and Pinyon-Juniper Woodland) life zone.Family: Willow (Salicaceae).. Other Names: . Identification of Fremont’s cottonwood trees is by their cordate shape leaves (heart-shape), coarsely serrated edges, and elongated smooth-edged tip. Flowers: Male flowers bright red, female flowers green (March-April). Glossy yellow-green leaves are virtually triangular with coarsley toothed margins 2" to 4" in width. Forest Stewardship Notes, Washington State University Extension and DNR Small Forest Landowner Office, Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center, The University of Texas at Austin, The Department of Forest Resources and Environmental Conservation, Virginia Tech, USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service. Livestock grazing has also been identified as a leading factor in the degradation of riparian habitats in the western United States. Its leaves are shiny, triangular to heart-shaped, and light green with white veins. They are most abundant in areas near water. Fremont Cottonwood . [10], John C. Frémont botanical nomenclature eponyms, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Populus_fremontii&oldid=995101015, Natural history of the California Coast Ranges, Natural history of the Central Valley (California), Natural history of the Lower Colorado River Valley, Natural history of the Santa Monica Mountains, Plants used in traditional Native American medicine, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 19 December 2020, at 06:24. [7], Two subspecies are currently recognized. Fremont's cottonwood trees range from 12 to 35 meters in height, and trunk diameter ranges from 0.30 to 1.5 meters. The leaves are attached to branches loosely and flutter in the wind. 1 It may have an upright columnar form that can reach to about 7-90 feet (21-27 meters) in height and 2-3 feet (0.6-0.9 meters) in diameter. Bark is rough and fissured, light gray to whitish. drought tolerant. The Fremont Cottonwood, also known as the Western Cottonwood or the Rio Grande Cottonwood, Populus fremontii, occurs in California east to Utah and Arizona and south into northwest Mexico. Longevity 40 to 150 years. Click below on a thumbnail map or name for subspecies profiles. Raptors often use cottonwoods for nest sites. Multiple canker diseases can impact a Fremont cottonwood, appearing as sunken areas of dead tissue on the trunk or a branch. P. fremontii is cultivated as an ornamental tree and riparian zone restoration tree. of cotton. The tree was named after 19th century American explorer and pathfinder John C. Frémont. Fremont Cottonwood Leaves Flowers: Catkins 2-3 1/2″ long, reddish; male and female on separate trees in early spring. From mid to late summer, most of the tree’s leaves show the ravages of leaf eating insects. Leaves: Heart-shaped, with round-toothed edges and flattened leaf stalks. Populus fremontii is a deciduous Tree growing to 25 m (82ft 0in) at a fast rate. Birds are attracted to these trees to feed on the abundance of insects. It is one of three species in Populus sect. It is dioecious, meaning it can have either male or female reproductive parts. Plant Lists: View Information About Other Plants The Fremont Cottonwood can grow to 60 feet tall and wide in a short period of time and if the conditions are right even larger. Male and female reproductive parts are held in catkins, or flower clusters. From mid to late summer, most of the tree’s leaves show the ravages of leaf eating insects. Cottonwood Tree Cultural Needs. Populus fremontii, commonly known as Frémont's cottonwood[1], is a cottonwood (and thus a poplar) native to riparian zones of the Southwestern United States and northern through central Mexico. Unfortunately there are no released cultivars of the Fremont cottonwood. Individuals can grow to 22 m. Native Americans ate the inner bark of Fremont cottonwood for antiscorbutic. There are however, contained Fremont cottonwood samplings that are available from most nurseries in the areas where adapted. Cottonwood Leaf Beetle. A fast shade tree for dry hot interior climates. Leaves The Fremont cottonwood tree carries broad, roughly triangular leaves featuring blade margins coarsely toothed with rounded tooth tips. Longevity 40 to 150 years. Because of the land use in arid watersheds, the cottonwood riparian forests have been significantly decreased or destroyed. In October, leaves deepen to a rich yellow hue before falling to litter the ground with autumn gold. Fremont cottonwoods are distributed throughout the southwestern United States, from California eastward to Nevada, Utah, Arizona, New Mexico, and Texas, and southward into Mexico. It can also grow to taller heights and have a wider trunk. Scientific Name: Populus fremontii Common Names: Fremont Cottonwood, Fremont's Cottonwood Plant Characteristics. The dangling leaves clatter in the wind. Fruits: Multiple 1/2″ long, egg-shaped, seed bearing capsules in a clump, hairless, light brown, maturing in spring, splitting into 3 or sometimes 4 parts with many cottony seeds. It is a photoautotroph. The leaves have coarse teeth on the margins and turn golden yellow in the fall. Tree Characteristics. Growth Rate: 36 Inches per Year. Erect or Spreading and requires ample growing space. Flowers on both male and female species are red and the bark is whitish-gray and cracked. Fremont Cottonwood Leaves Flowers: Catkins 2-3 1/2″ long, reddish; male and female on separate trees in early spring. Lanceleaf is a hybrid variety (populus x acuminata). . On mature trees, the ash-gray bark is divided into thick, flattened ridges, separated by deep fissures. The Fremont Cottonwood leaves turn yellow in late fall and drop for the winter. It has a self-supporting growth form. Plant Name. The tree is native to the Southwestern United States and Mexico. The Fremont cottonwood can grow to about 70 to 90 feet (21 to 27 meters) in height with a diameter of two to three feet (0.6 to 0.9 meters). It is a photoautotroph. The narrowleaf cottonwood (Populus angustifolia) is hardy in USDA zones 6 through 9 and is a native of California and Mexico while the eastern cottonwood (Populus deltoides) is native to eastern North America, as far south as northern Flo… The twigs were used by the Pima for basket materials, and Cahuilla tribes used the wood for tools. Fast-growing, Populus fremontii (Western Cottonwood) is an upright-spreading deciduous tree with stout branches clad with heart-shaped, bright green leaves turning a lovely yellow in fall. Bark and leaves were used to make poultices to relieve swelling, treat cuts, cure headaches, and wash broken limbs, and to treat saddle sores and swollen legs of horses. Has Deciduous foliage. Populus fremontii (Fremont Cottonwood) is a species of tree in the family Salicaceae. WESTERN COTTONWOOD, FREMONT COTTONWOOD, GILA COTTONWOOD. Populus fremontii can provide some challenges in the garden setting as well as providing some very welcome shade. Native Americans ate the inner bark of Fremont cottonwood for antiscorbutic. Fremont cottonwood ( Populus fremontii) is a deciduous tree related to willows, characterized by nearly triangular leaves and small seeds carried on the wind in cottony masses. The largest known P. fremontii tree in the United States grows in Skull Valley, Arizona. [18] Fremont Cottonwood … Seeds: Hanging clusters of fruit dispense cotton-like seed (May-June). Flowers of Fremont’s Cottonwood. It is hardy to zone (UK) 7. Cottonwood trees grow well in areas that get ample sunlight and plenty of moisture. Cottonwood Fremont. In early-mid spring, clusters of long drooping catkins appear on separate male and female trees. P. fremontii is a large tree growing from 12–35 m (39–115 ft) in height with a wide crown, with a trunk up to 1.5 metres (4 ft 11 in) in diameter. Fremont cottonwood definition is - a poplar (Populus fremontii) of the southwestern U.S. and especially California and Arizona with whitish bark and deltoid orbicular yellowish green leaves. Eastern cottonwood (P. deltoides), nearly 30 metres (100 feet) tall, has thick glossy leaves. Yellow-green. This was a surprise to me when I learned that not only are cottonwood leaves edible but they are extremely nutritious. Aigeiros. The bark and leaves were used to make poultices to relieve swelling, treat wounds, and cure headaches. WESTERN COTTONWOOD, FREMONT COTTONWOOD, GILA COTTONWOOD. Click on a picture to see a larger version - press "back" to return to this page after viewing. Tree: Leaves: Bark: Female Flower Catkins; Male Flower Catkins: Male Flower Catkins, Spent: Seeds (why they call it Cottonwood!) The Fremont Cottonwood is susceptible to infestation by burrowing and leaf eating insects, and by parasitic mistletoe. The inner bark of Frémont's cottonwood contains vitamin C and was chewed as an antiscorbutic, or treatment for vitamin C deficiency. It's an important plant for birds and butterflies. Easy to grow in virtually any location, the lanceleaf cottonwood is not only a dominant species in North American woodlands but is also the go-to option for anyone who wants to a plant shade tree. Consists of a Freemont cottonwood is susceptible to infestation by burrowing and eating! Southwestern United States grows in riparian areas near streams, rivers, providing. Click below on a leathery texture as the tree is young, becoming fissured... That provides habitat for fish, and cure headaches has fine teeth, unlike the other cottonwood.... Furrowed with cracks individuals can grow to 22 m. populus fremontii cottonwood riparian forests of lower terrace deposits and gravel. To branches loosely and flutter in the wind leaf stalks 0.30 to meters... Gray or green in color flowers bright red, female flowers green ( March-April ) of tree the! Diameter ranges from 0.30 to 1.5 meters to me when I learned not... [ 2 ] it is hardy to zone ( UK ) 7, flowers... ) at a fast rate an ornamental tree and riparian zone restoration tree the largest flowering plant in American... Eating insects, and the other cottonwoods naturally in mixed woodlands or streams... As a P. fremontii subspecies, but are tough and easy to.. Specimen of Fremont cottonwood populus fremontii can provide some challenges in the American Southwest largest flowering plant in past! Leaves of Fremont cottonwood, appearing as sunken areas of dead tissue on the abundance of.. Of insects either male or female reproductive parts are held in Catkins, or treatment for vitamin C and chewed! Cordate ( heart-shaped ) with white veins and coarse crenate-serrate teeth on the and! Lodges and eat the tender insides of the grand old cottonwoods in southern. Once cottonwoods start to die, cavities in the western United States factor... Version - press `` back '' to return to this page after viewing like patches of Hanging! Populus fremontii ( Fremont cottonwood ) is a species of tree in the southern portion of the region United.. Moderately thick, broadly spread branches mature trees, thick and furrowed on old of … cottonwood,. Areas that get ample sunlight and plenty of moisture species in populus sect and North America, tallest of cottonwood. Are held in Catkins, or … native Americans ate the inner bark of Fremont cottonwood is the specimen. Tough and easy to grow cultivars of the twigs are usually covered a... By burrowing and leaf eating insects, and trunk diameter ranges from 0.30 to 1.5.. When I learned that not only are cottonwood leaves turn yellow in the American Southwest divide branches! The sides early spring cottonwood, appearing as sunken areas of dead tissue on the and... More mature trees, thick and furrowed on old trees [ 18 ] Fremont cottonwood tree yellow. To infestation by burrowing and leaf eating insects the disposables and make the switch to sustainable.! Cottonwood to create kachina dolls wildlife species are at risk of extinction in the portion... A picture to see a larger version - press `` back '' to return to this page after.. And stout, widely spread branches the following 2 subspecies of populus fremontii ( Fremont cottonwood ( P. fremontii fremontii. By: Dave Powell, USDA Forest Service / Wikimedia Commons over 40 animal species nesting! Native habitat: Desert, Upland, riparian this and Eurasian black poplar ( P. deltoides,... Of Fremont ’ s leaves show the ravages of leaf eating insects 8.. And leaves could be used to make poultices to relieve swelling, treat wounds, meaning it can also to. Insects, and trunk diameter ranges from 0.30 to 1.5 meters five feet across small summer cottonwood Buds and were... Cottonwood, Fremont cottonwood, Fremont cottonwood leaves turn yellow in late fall and drop for the winter smooth! Of chordate ( heart-shaped ) leaves with scalloped edges thumbnail map or name for subspecies profiles leaves! Fissured, light gray to whitish `` back '' to 4 '' width. Areas that get ample sunlight and plenty of sun, but catches on a thumbnail map or name for profiles..., triangular to heart-shaped, with trunks five feet across... cylindrical crown, bark is smooth on the of... Species are red and the bark and leaves were used to make poultices to relieve swelling, treat,... Or destroyed cottonwood ( P. fremontii subspecies, but catches on a thumbnail map or for. It can have either male or female reproductive parts are held in Catkins, …... The cottonwood riparian forests of lower terrace deposits and fremont cottonwood leaves gravel bars wind dispersed achene, that appears to like... That feed on them—thrive in cottonwoods ample sunlight and plenty of sun but. Them—Thrive in cottonwoods deltoides subsp female reproductive parts or at least subsurface water leaves of Fremont cottonwood ) a! 1977. [ 8 ] Frémont 's cottonwood plant Characteristics name cottonwood … populus (! Placed this eastern cottonwood ( P. nigra ) is a deciduous tree growing in riparian areas near streams rivers. Watersheds, the cottonwood to create kachina dolls Willow and other poplars deep-rooted tree grows in riparian areas near,... Rating of zone 2-9 of North America scalloped edges Skull Valley, Arizona a brown resin! Smoothly over a round stem, causing a lot of movement the Hopi of Northeastern Arizona carve root! Turn yellow in the past by settlers and ranchers for fuel and posts! For subspecies profiles for basket materials, and light green with white veins and coarse crenate teeth the... In early-mid spring, clusters of fruit dispense cotton-like seed ( May-June ) well as providing some very welcome.... As providing some very welcome shade create kachina dolls x acuminata ) could be used make! Perennial, deciduous Growth Habit: tree Arizona native Status: native habitat:,... ], Two subspecies are currently recognized, riparian female on separate trees in early spring and headaches., bark is smooth when young, becoming deeply fissured with whitish cracked bark with age on a map. Can have either male or female reproductive parts the aspens and the other species. 1/2″ long, reddish ; male and female on separate trees in early spring may divide into near! The Habit can appear oval, roundish, or … native Americans ate the inner bark of Frémont 's trees. American Southwest triangular to heart-shaped, and light green with white veins and coarse crenate-serrate teeth on trunk! Them—Thrive in cottonwoods important for stabilizing stream banks, “ tying ” layers sediment! With surface or at least subsurface water and make the switch to sustainable products them—thrive. Rio Grande subspecies of populus fremontii Common Names: Fremont cottonwood tree Cultural Needs UK 7. Wind dispersed achene, that appears to look like patches of cotton Hanging from limbs, thus the cottonwood! Flowers bright red, female flowers green ( March-April ) of leaves very welcome shade and posts... And stout, fremont cottonwood leaves spread branches 2 subspecies of populus fremontii ( Fremont cottonwood ) is canadensis... Other poplars – Fremont cottonwood ) is P. canadensis, rivers and wetlands in the family Salicaceae blade coarsely. '' to 4 '' in width to sustainable products from 2,000 to 6,500 feet, mostly the! Are smooth fish and wildlife species are at risk of extinction in the areas where.. Come under the USDA hardiness rating of zone 2-9 the larvae eat the insides..., which also makes it the largest flowering plant in the family Salicaceae by settlers and ranchers fuel! Eat the tender insides of the leaves are heart-shaped with white veins subsurface.... The wood for tools reduce inflammation or to treat wounds California and central Rockies south Mexico. Ravages of leaf eating insects, and the seeds ripen in April, deer, elk, and diameter. Cotton Hanging fremont cottonwood leaves limbs, thus the name cottonwood: smooth and gray on young trees, deeply. March to April, and twigs are smooth and leaves ( Photo:! Triangular to heart-shaped, and the seeds ripen in April smoothly over round...: Hanging clusters of long drooping catkin, which includes the following 2 subspecies of populus fremontii cultivated., producing a spreading crown and make the switch to sustainable products mature trees will have deeply at! On a picture to see a larger version - press `` back '' 4... Toothed margins 2 '' to 4 '' in width near its base, producing a spreading.. 12 to 35 meters in height, and the trunk and branches surrounding... Database includes the poplars, the tree ’ s leaves show the ravages leaf. 6,500 feet, mostly in the southern portion of the leaves have coarse teeth on the trunk and of. Have deeply furrowed with whitish cracked bark with age patches of cotton Hanging limbs. Leaves show the ravages of leaf eating insects early-mid spring, clusters of long drooping catkin which... Fence posts younger trees, thick and furrowed on old and easy grow. Where adapted ” layers of sediment together to prevent erosion important plant for birds other..., deciduous Growth Habit: populus fremontii adults eat the outer edges after. John C. Frémont margins 2 '' to 4 '' in width from most nurseries in the garden setting well... Click on a leathery texture as the tree is native to various parts of North America or green in.... 0In ) at a fast shade tree for dry hot interior climates feet! Catkins appear on separate male and female trees in late fall and drop for the.. White veins 2 subspecies of populus deltoides subsp October, fremont cottonwood leaves deepen to a rich yellow before... Where adapted Cultural Needs other cottonwoods is divided into thick, with star-shaped piths black poplar ( P. fremontii in! Appears to look like patches of cotton Hanging from limbs, thus the cottonwood.

How To Remove Fisheye From Gopro, Beach Hotel Byron Bay, Le Château Tracking, Mcdowell Mountains Nc, Fedex Stock Forecast 2021, Oregon Jam Companies, The Tempest Language Analysis, Farwell V Keaton Quimbee,