which means many units (parts). [66], Oc0ccccc0Cc0cc(C1)c(O)c(c0)Cc0c(O)ccc(c0)Cc0ccc(O)c(c0)Cc0c(O)ccc(c0)Cc0c(O)ccc(c0)Cc0c(O)c(C2)cc(c0)Cc0c(O)ccc(c0)Cc(c0O)cc2cc0Cc0cc(Cc2ccc(O)cc2)c(O)c(c0)Cc0c(O)ccc(c0)C1, Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their, Baekeland, Leo H (December 7, 1909) "Method of making insoluble products of phenol and formaldehyde", United States Patent and Trademark Office, "Bakelite: The World's First Synthetic Plastic", "Leo Baekeland's Transatlantic Struggle for Bakelite: Patenting Inside and Outside of America", "The Fourth Kingdom: The Social Construction of Bakelite", "Micarta ® Laminates – Various Grades Technical Information", "Bakelite The material of a thousand uses (Advertisement)", "Organization and Activities of Engineering Division of the Army Air Service", "Manufacturers' Monthly Material of the Month part 1: Bakelite", "Once Touted As 'Kitchen Jewelry', Bakelite Flatware Is Making A Comeback", "Home Front Friday: Bakelite for the Fight", Evasion and Escape Devices: Produced by MI9, MIS-X and SOE in World War II, "Bakelite and catalin: Collectible early plastics", "Catalin: The Crown Jewel Of Table Radios", "Crystalate Gramophone Record Manufacturing Co., Ltd.", "The Synthesis, Constitution, and Uses of Bakelite", Bakelite: The Material of a Thousand Uses, Virtual Bakelite Museum of Ghent 1907–2007, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Bakelite&oldid=995785150, Articles with dead external links from October 2019, Articles with permanently dead external links, Short description is different from Wikidata, Chemicals that do not have a ChemSpider ID assigned, Pages using collapsible list with both background and text-align in titlestyle, Articles containing unverified chemical infoboxes, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from July 2019, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. He also made overseas connections to produce materials in other countries.[4]. Find here online price details of companies selling Bakelite Sheet. "[59], In 1947, Dutch art forger Han van Meegeren was convicted of forgery, after chemist and curator Paul B. Coremans proved that a purported Vermeer contained Bakelite, which van Meegeren had used as a paint hardener. Discover (and save!) 1. Note: These tubes are 'made-to-order' and may have a 3-4 week lead-time to ship. Bakelite stock is still manufactured and produced in sheet, rod and tube form for industrial applications in the electronics, power generation and aerospace industries, and under a variety of commercial brand names. It can be molded very quickly, decreasing production time. [44] Bakelite was also used to make presentation boxes for Breitling watches. By 1910, he was producing enough material to justify expansion. https://www.britannica.com/science/Bakelite. Skip to main content.us. Only 2 left in stock - … [4] By controlling the pressure and temperature applied to phenol and formaldehyde, Baekeland produced a hard moldable material that he named "Bakelite," after himself. Moldings are smooth, retain their shape and are resistant to heat, scratches, and destructive solvents. By 1930, designer Paul T. Frankl considered Bakelite a "Materia Nova", "expressive of our own age". This creates a liquid condensation product, referred to as Bakelite A, which is soluble in alcohol, acetone, or additional phenol. When heat and pressure are applied, polymerization transforms the layers into thermosetting industrial laminated plastic. Good mechanical and impact strength with continuous operating temperature of 250 °F (120 °C). Polishing Bakelite is a debated topic, please research the value of your piece before cleaning it. Polymer is defined as a chemical substance of a high molecular mass formed by the combination of a large number of A polymer is a large molecule of high molecular mass formed by the repetitive bonding of many small molecules called monomers.The process by which the monomers are transformed into polymers is called polymerisation.As polymers are single big size molecules, they are also called macromolecules. Bakelite and other non-metal materials were tested for usage for the one cent coin in the US before the Mint settled on zinc-coated steel. It was developed by the Belgian-American chemist Leo Baekeland in Yonkers, New York, in 1907. Bijker gives a detailed discussion of the development of Bakelite and the Bakelite company's production of various applications of materials. [38], Phenolic resins have been commonly used in ablative heat shields. Note that Bakelite doesn't melt, it just becomes brittle and gives off nasty phenol vapors. "Bakelite is manufactured in several forms to suit varying requirements. [7]:44–45[22][25], Phenolic resin products may swell slightly under conditions of extreme humidity or perpetual dampness. 1)It is a poor conductor of heat. Performers such as Jerry Byrd loved the tone of Bakelite guitars but found them difficult to keep in tune.[53]. [37][65], The United States Patent and Trademark Office granted Baekeland a patent for a "Method of making insoluble products of phenol and formaldehyde" on December 7, 1909. Bakelite is made from carbolic acid (phenol) and formaldehyde and is referred to as a phenolic resin. The result is a hard plastic material. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Help support true facts by becoming a member. [61], By the late 1940s, newer materials were superseding Bakelite in many areas. 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