The chewing sticks, termed as such due to the need for the user to chew the stick prior to brushing, have been used throughout the Greek, Roman, Jewish and Islamic Empires (Almas, 2001). Nigerian Association Of Academia Pharmacists (N.A.A.P) Launched in 1981, this association is a branch of PSN and comprise of pharmacists that are lecturers in different universities and school of health technologies in Nigeria. 1. The types of tree used for chewing sticks differ from one A number of plants are The French were introduced to chewing gum for the first time by the American troops stationed there in 1944. More preventative than curative, chewing sticks are twigs with frayed ends used to brush the teeth and has health benefits rarely found in toothpaste. The bitter-tasting roots are popular in Nigeria as chewing sticks. In some plants, almost every part can be used in one home remedy or another. It comes neatly packaged in a white case and has a "cutter". In vitro Screening of Chewing Stick Extracts and Sap on Oral Pathogens: Immune Compromised Infections. Chewing gum is a flavored and sweetened rubber not meant for swallowing. In addition, chewing stick is used for oral care in Nigeria 11). 30 days supply of the toothbrush goes on sale for $15. The choice of stick depends largely on traditional preference rather than clinical effectiveness. The pattern of deposit of calculus along the interdental surfaces, mesio and distobuccal surfaces as well as lingual surfaces, question the effectiveness of the chewing stick in cleaning these surfaces. Chewing sticks are widely used in Nigeria for dental and oral hygiene. The first French chewing gum, it was created in 1952. The operational activities of sawmills, plywood veneer, particleboard and pulp/paper mills in Nigeria were reviewed. Source of plant materials The chewing sticks selected were obtained from the roots of Terminalia glaucescens and . This effect, together with the abrasive action of the stick fibres, will exert a mechanical cleansing effect on the teeth and gingivae. Made up of pharmacists in Nigeria working in the hospital sector, this is another branch of PSN, that is found in 1982. Any way, i bought this and miswak. Chewing stick is an affordable oral hygiene device. DOI: 10.3923/biotech.2007.97.100 Ever since then, others have join the band wagon. In-vitro susceptibility tests were done with crude extracts from nine popular sticks on four species of Bacteroides. Benefits of forests. The bark bleeds light-brown (sap) when slashed. The first pharmaceutical drug manufacturing company in Nigeria is May & Baker in the 1940s. The chewing stick was and is still used by many for dental hygiene. Re: "I'm Turning LADIES to Chewing Stick" [Picture] by iLegendd: 9:49pm On Nov 21, 2019 From this 12k I just received a few minutes ago, I'm going to give out 500 recharge card to the first 4 people to drop their numbers and name of their networks. (Total number of responses was 837). She, nevertheless, said since the chewing stick is being used to clean the teeth, its tuft must be ensured to clean all surfaces of the teeth and the tongue. Majority (70.4%) of the elderly in the study claimed they use chewing sticks to maintain oral hygiene. Introduction Chewing sticks are commonly used as oral hygiene tool in various parts of the world. Types of Mill Years Sawmill Plywood mill Particle I have a hundred dollar tooth brush and all my teeth btw. 2520 × 20 m quadrants were laid randomly along the five 1 km line transect and assessed accordingly. Snail company list , 47 , in Nigeria , include lagos,Abuja,lagos state,ikeja,Port Harcourt,ABIA . He uses as a chewing-stick the stems and roots of various plants, some of which are astringent, owing to the tannic acid in them, some bitter, some hot and pungent to … So im new to chewing on a stick for dental health... i mean my dogs do it. Chewing sticks are of different types and usually bitter. Some are not very hard while Table 11b: Chewing stick usage in Ghana - 2: Acquisition of chewing sticks by buying (shaded columns) and collecting (open columns). Mezoneuron benthamianum is a plant that is used locally as a chewing stick in the southwest of Nigeria, but there has been no report on its anticancer properties. Another advantage is the ready availability in towns or villages goes on sale for $ 15 preference rather than effectiveness. Utilization on the teeth and gingivae first pharmaceutical drug manufacturing company in Nigeria as chewing sticks could be great... 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