Bismarckia nobilis (2) Washington palm. Vitex rotundifolia, commonly known as beach vitex, is a low, woody, perennial shrub with branches that can run for many meters. Social Circle, Georgia, USA: Wildlife Resources Division. hamago in language. Weed risk assessment for Vitex rotundifolia Lf (Lamiaceae) - Beach vitex. Plants have established from yard clippings that were inappropriately dumped (USDA-APHIS, 2013). Vitex rotundifolia began to show its invasive potential in the United States only 10 years after it became available in the horticultural trade. Potential Invaders of Non-native, Invasive Plants in Delaware., Delaware Natural Heritage and Endangered Species Program, Delaware Division of Fish and Wildlife. One or more of the features that are needed to show you the maps functionality are not available in the web browser that you are using. Cymes many-fld., in panicles to 9″ long, corolla blue to purple, 2-lipped (Hortus Third 1976:1162). Medicinal Uses. The native dune grass community produced a fibrous root structure that provided the dune ecosystem both sand stabilization and accretion (Hauser et al., 2009; Cousins et al., 2010a). University of Florida Herbarium Collections Catalog., Gainsville,FL, USA: http://www.flmnh.ufl.edu/herbarium/cat/, Georgia Department of Natural Resources, 2009. The many invasive characteristics of Vitex rotundifolia L. f. [beach vitex (BV)] and the ecological concerns surrounding its presence along the coast have necessitated the development of effective control methods. BRI, 2016. Korean Journal of Environment and Ecology, 15(1):57-68. Atlas of Florida vascular plants. Vitex trifolia and Vitex rotundifolia are other species within Vitex. Its range includes continents and islands stretching from India east to Hawaii and from Korea south to Australia. used inter-simple sequence repeat (ISSR) fingerprinting to study genetic diversity and clonal variation in 14 populations along the China coast. The actual characters affected by variability were not specified by Munir (1987). Across all of the populations sampled, the high level of genetic differentiation found was attributed to limited gene flow between the geographically widespread populations. Hawaiian Native and Naturalized Vascular Plants Checklist. Investigating lag phase and invasion potential of Vitex rotundifolia: a coastal dune exotic. Growth Form: A small erect shrub, growing to about 60 cm tall, sometimes form dense mats, rooting at the nodes. Patterns in germination of this and related species (Murren et al., 2014) suggest the influence of physical and physiological dormancy in the seed (Cousins et al., 2010b). Queensland Herbarium., Queensland, Australia: http://www.qld.gov.au/environment/plants-animals/plants/herbarium/specimens/, CABI, Undated. In: Journal of Adelaide Botanical Garden, 10 31-79. Potential Invaders of Non-native, Invasive Plants in Delaware. PubMed:Diterpenes from the fruits of Vitex rotundifolia. Vitex rotundifolia L.f. Komarov Botanical Institute Herbarium. Ovary globose, glabrous, densely glandular all over, 1-1.5 mm diameter; style exserted, glabrous, filiform, 8-12 mm long; stigma shortly 2-lobed. This species has a very rapid growth rate and a short generation time, reproduces sexually and asexually, and is readily dispersed by water. Here's a look at several potential health benefits of vitex: For a report published in the journal Planta Medica in 2013, researchers reviewed 12 previously published clinical trials investigating the effects of vitex on women's health. It has been introduced to the USA where it has been reported as detrimental to dune ecosystems in seven of the southeastern states since the early 2000s. Revised edition. Vitex rotundifolia . May, 2005. Olsen RT; Bell AC, 2005. to avoid collecting from clonal material with identical genotypes (Hu et al., 2008). Drug Saf. Viable seeds have been found in the soil for 1.5-4 years (Cousins et al., 2010b). 2009, Baskin CC; Baskin JM, 1998. Carmona. Foliage: Leaves are round to obovate, base cuneate, apex mostly rounded, margin entire, upper surface green, lower surface pale green to silvery. The widespread adaptability of V. rotundifolia to high energy coastal habitats reflects its tolerance to both salt and drought and the tenacity of running stems to root and expand under shifting, sandy environments. Westphal LM, Polan ML, Trant AS. Medicinal uses. Legislation by individual states and municipalities has become even more important for regulating trade, possession and movement. University of Florida Herbarium Collections Catalog. An analysis of population structure and assessment of clonality in Vitex rotundifolia, a non-native dune plant using AFLP markers. Synonyms: Vitex trifolia L. Common names: Wild Pepper Tree (Americana) V. trifolia: Asia to Australia. Maui: Waihee Coastal Preserve, Waihee, Kanaha Beach, Waiehu, Scattered occurrences, some severe, have been and continue to be found along the Atlantic coasts of Maryland, Virginia, Georgia and Florida. Micro propagation methods have been developed for the mass production of explants to be used in commercial cultivation aimed at growing fruits for traditional Asian medicine (Park et al., 2004). Beach Vitex Task Force, 2013. Hauser C, Rosenberg L, Perry JE, 2009. National Center for Natural Sciences and Technology Herbarium., Hanoi, Vietnam: Hu Yuan, Zhu Yu, Zhang QiaoYan, Xin HaiLiang, Qin LuPing, Lu BaoRong, Rahman K, Zheng HanChen, 2008. Its leaves are rounded at the tips with green upper surfaces and silver lower surfaces. Journal of Coastal Research, 30(4):815-824. http://www.bioone.org/loi/coas. It does not grow on well-vegetated sites and so cannot tolerate competition by V. rotundifolia. Sexual and asexual populations occur in both the native and introduced ranges of V. rotundifolia. . Invasive Plant Science and Management, 3(3):327-333. http://www.wssa.net, Cousins MM; Gresham CA; Riley MB; Whitwell T, 2009. Vitex rotundifolia L.f. Common names Lagundi in Malay beach vitex in language. The components having analgesic effects. > 10°C, Cold average temp. Cibinong, Indonesia. Beach Morning Glory . Nodal shoot explants were thus mass produced for the eventual harvest of fruit to be used in traditional Asian medicine (Park et al., 2004). http://plants.usda.gov/java/noxiousDriver, Virginia General Assembly, 2016. It also spreads easily via ocean currents to new locations. Furthermore, the fruit of V. rotundifolia has been used for the treatment of night blindness and neuralgia . Hibiscus. Vitex History & Interesting Facts. Chemical control Its range includes continents and islands stretching from India east to Hawaii and from Korea south to Australia. http://georgiawildlife.com/sites/default/files/uploads/wildlife/nongame/pdf/GeorgiaInvasiveSpeciesStrategy.pdf, Glenn S; Moore G, 2009. These new understandings into genetic variation and population structure of natural populations may be used to guide the conservation and medicinal use of V. rotundifolia in the following ways: by identifying source populations with higher genetic diversity; by offering a spatial interval on which to sample, i.e. at the top, 5-ribbed outside with 5 short teeth at the top; glandular and silky-tomentose outside, glabrous within. Flora of the Southern and Mid-Atlantic States. beach vitex in English chasteberry in language. . II. Vitex agnus-castus and Vitex negundo have roles in traditional medicine for women's health. Delaware Natural Heritage and Endangered Species Program, Delaware Division of Fish and Wildlife. Atlanta, Georgia, USA: Southern Nursery Association, 531-533. View abstract. Common Name: close up, flowers Photograph by: Unknown Image credit to Australian National Botanic Gardens. 2005;28(4):319-32. doi:10.2165/00002018-200528040-00004. Papohaku, Molokai, Hawaii, USA. Repeat this process until there is zero regrowth (Cousins et al., 2010b). New York Non-Native Plant Invasiveness Ranking Form - Vitex rotundifolia. Wax palm. Herbarium record: Tap HLF3312. Strongly upright and branching, Vitex agnus-castus and Vitex negundo are easily distinguished from V. rotundifolia with its prostrate, running, and rooting branches. July, 2003. Florida Exotic Pest Plant Council's 2015 list of invasive plant species, 4 pp. In addition, people with hormone-sensitive conditions (such as endometriosis, uterine fibroids, and cancers of the breast, ovaries, or prostate) shouldn't take vitex. Light Preference: Full Sun. These more powerful markers will be used to compare the endangered, inland population at Lake Biwa to common coastal populations throughout Japan (Ohtsuki et al., 2014). It is related to, but distinct from and thereby not synonymous with Vitex trifolia L. (Wagner et al., 1999). Some women use it to … Now, scientists from the Korea Maritime and Ocean University discover that Vitex rotundifolia, a salt marsh plant used in traditional medicine in Korea, produces several chemicals with antimalarial properties, showcasing the untapped potential of salt marsh plants for the development of botanical drugs. The specific epithet rotundifolia is from the Latin rotundatus , rounded, and folius , leaves, in reference to the round-shaped leaves of this species. Beltsville, Maryland, USA: National Germplasm Resources Laboratory. Molokai: Papohaku, Kaula ili, C. Linnaeus Jr. described V. rotundifolia based on type material from Japan. The name "chaste tree" comes from the belief in folk medicine that it could suppress libido. Use a sterile planting medium and plant seeds at least ¼ inch deep. The Vitex rotundifolia contains about 60… This content is for Basic, Plus, Premium, and Free members only. Interpretive Summary Beach vitex is a relatively new threat to the fragile dune ecosystems of the southeast. The actual Latin word vitex came from vitilis, made by plaiting; the flexible branches of the Chaste Tree being used for plaiting wattle fences, much the same as willow branches are still used today. Setoguchi H; Ishibashi N; Fujita K; Matsubara H; Terada K; Yagi H, 2010. Korea (48). Song CS, 1989. www.northinlet.sc.edu/beachvitex/, BISH, 2016. V. rotundifolia has a widespread native range including temperate coastal areas of Japan, Korea and China to Southeast Asia, the Pacific Islands, Australia, and Hawaii (USA). 2015, US Fish and Wildife Service, This fruit is used as a dietary supplement for conditions such as menopause, infertility, menstrual problems, and a number of other conditions. Brazilian Fruits and Cultivated Exotics. http://www.issg.org/database/welcome/. Bark and Trunk: Smooth to slightly rough light brown to beige bark. San Diego, USA: Academic Press, xiv+666 pp. Upper respiratory infection . Vitex agnus-castus, Vitex negundo, Vitex trifolia and Vitex rotundifolia, have been studied for their pharmaceutical properties and biological activities (Rani and Sharma, 2013). Lieden, Netherlands. Log In Join Now. Photo by Matthew Gaston. November, 2004. Chromosome number:  2n = 32 (Wagner et al., 1999). Dunk Isl., Townsville, Bargara, Snapper Isl., Dalrymple Beach, Bloomfield River, Karumba, Endeavour River, Haughton River, Sinclair Isl., Turtle Isl., Forrest Beach, Wellesley Isl., Mornington Isl., Quarantine Bay. Tolerance to salt, drought and a shifting, sandy substrate allow it to thrive on deep coastal dunes. A mature Vitex rotundifolia produces fragrant, blue-purple flowers that are borne in clusters and ultimately yield small purblish-black fruits. Vitex integerrima Mill. The species has been evaluated at the arboretum of North Carolina State University since 1978 (Olsen and Bell, 2005) and has been planted in gardens inland (Whitten 4072b, FLAS; Hauser et. Vitex indica Mill. CABI is a registered EU trademark. http://www.ncagr.gov/plantindustry/plant/weed/noxweed.htm, Ohtsuki T; Shoda T; Kaneko Y; Setoguchi H, 2014. 2009;15(8):853-62. doi:10.1089/acm.2008.0447. http://www.starrenvironmental.com/resources/, Thalmann D J K, Kikodze D, Khutsishvili M, Kharazishvili D, Guisan A, Broennimann O, Müller-Schärer H, 2015. A taxonomic revision of the genus Vitex L (Verbenaceae) in Australia. Chasteberry is the fruit of the chaste tree, which is native to Central Asia and the Mediterranean region. https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxon/taxonomysearch.aspx, USDA-NRCS, 2016. Beach vitex (Vitex rotundifolia L.f.) is a deciduous woody vine that was introduced to the Southeastern U.S. from Korea in the mid-1980s.Before its introduction to the southern Atlantic Coast of the U.S., beach vitex had no history of invasiveness. In habit and form however, V. cymosa differs greatly. Intentional dispersal of V. rotundifolia has been by humans, primarily those owning shoreline property and planting on dunes as a sand binder and/or as an ornamental. Park C; Park E, 2001. It produces a wide, branching canopy over a single, 12-20 m tall trunk and is exploited from the wild for timber or cultivated for shade (Lorenzi et al., 2006). San Diego, USA: Academic Press, xiv, http://www.qld.gov.au/environment/plants-animals/plants/herbarium/specimens/, Cousins MM; Briggs J; Gresham C; Whetstone J; Whitwell T, 2010. Wetland Status. Plants of Hawaii. In the southeastern USA, V. rotundifolia is highly restricted, as it is in much of its native range, to a narrow seaside zone of shifting, high energy sand dunes and coastal strands. © Copyright 2020 CAB International. http://www.herbarium.unc.edu/seflora/, Westbrooks RG; Madsen J, 2006. Nevertheless, naturalized populations continue to appear in adjacent Escambia County. Seeds: ecology, biogeography, and evolution of dormancy and germination. Known difficulty in its propagation by seed has led to the mass production of V. rotundifolia from micropropagation of nodal shoot. J.]. Back; About us. In Hawaii, USA, V. rotundifolia is an important native component of restoration projects at coastal strands throughout the islands (Starr and Starr, 2015). Plants. Vitex is a genus of about 250 species of shrubs and trees, of which the Vitex agnus castus (chaste tree) and Man Jing Zi of Vitex trifolia are members. People have also used these fruits as a folk medicine to treat chronic bronchitis, headache, migraine, cold, eye pain, asthma, female hormonal disorders, and gastrointestinal infections, including diarrhea and bacterial dysentery. https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxon/taxonomysimple.aspx, Wunderlin RP, Hansen BF, 2015. V. rotundifolia tolerates temperate climates, such as in southeastern USA, by assuming the deciduous habit and its dropping its leaves in winter. New diterpenes and norditerpenes from the fruits of Vitex rotundifolia. Vitex rotundifolia is a sprawling shrub 6 to 8 feet in diameter and 6 inches to 2 feet tall, but reaching 4 feet in height and 12 feet in width when protected from wind and salt spray. Inflorescence panicles are at the terminal, densely flowered, 4-7 cm long with purple corolla. It is a deciduous shrub that is native to Honshu, Shikoku and Kyushu of Japan, as well as Southeast Asia and Australia. It is currently on the Florida Exotic Pest Plant Council’s list of invasive plants (FLEPPC, 2015). Journal of Plant Biotechnology, 6(3):165-169. Beach vitex (Vitex rotundifolia L.) fruits (top left) leaves (right), and flowers (bottom left). Increasingly high demands remain for the medicinal products developed from V. rotundifolia in China (Hu et al., 2007). The components having analgesic effects. November, 2006. Previously recommended to beachfront residents for planting, Excepting North Carolina, it is legal to propagate in the USA and remains in the nursery trade, Corky pericarp of fruits float for water based dispersal with ocean currents, NatureServe; USA ESA listing as threatened species, NT (IUCN red list: Near threatened); National list(s), Hawaiian Native Plant Propagation Database. Attempted removal of these underground shoots may only destabilize dunes (Cousins et al., 2010b). It was planted by homeowners and incorporated into revegetation programs, especially those that followed extensive hurricane damage of frontal dunes in 1989 (Cousins et al., 2010a). Vitex: Chasteberry. Florida, USA: Florida Natural Areas Inventory. The Vitex rotundifolia contains about 60… This content is for Basic, Plus, Premium, and Free members only. Imazapyr has been shown to be effective when painted onto wounds of V. rotundifolia stems created using a machete. Cancer Letters, 208(1):59-64. > 0°C, wet all year, Cs - Warm temperate climate with dry summer, Warm average temp. Hoolawa Farms, Maui, Hawaii, USA. PubMed: Vitexicarpin induces apoptosis in human prostate carcinoma PC-3 cells through G2/M phase arrest. Reestablishment potential of beach vitex (, Cousins MM; Gresham CA; Riley MB; Whitwell T, 2009. Although there's a lack of large-scale clinical trials testing the effects of vitex, some research suggests that the herb may protect against certain health conditions. Tampa, Florida, USA: Institute for Systematic Botany, University of South Florida. Sarasota, Florida, USA: Pineapple Press. Approximately 90% of PAR is excluded by populations of V. rotundifolia as opposed to 20-40% of PAR by stands of sea oats (Uniola paniculata) a native grass which can be crowded out by V. rotundifolia (Westbrooks and Madsen, 2006; Cousins et al., 2010a). Ficus compacta. The botanical name, Vitex rotundifolia, describes this plant: Vitex means to bind or twist, a reference to the creeping, horizontal growth. The many invasive characteristics of Vitex rotundifolia L. f. [beach vitex (BV)] and the ecological concerns surrounding its presence along the coast have necessitated the development of effective control methods. In Iranian traditional medicine, the leaves and fruits of the vitex are used to increase the production of milk in women. The occasional occurrence of simple leaves in V. trifolia and trifoliolate leaves in V. rotundifolia is believed to be a demonstration of slightly variable tendencies in the each of the species and not a sign of intergradation between the two. G2-M arrest and antimitotic activity mediated by casticin, a flavonoid isolated from Viticis Fructus (, https://science.naturalis.nl/en/collection/naturalis-collections/botany/, http://www.dnrec.delaware.gov/fw/NHESP/Documents/Potential%20Invaders%2028%20Dec%202011.pdf, http://www.missouribotanicalgarden.org/plant-science/plant-science/resources/herbarium.aspx, Murren CJ; Purvis KG; Glasgow D; Messervy J; Penrod M; Strand AE, 2014. Online Database. Beijing, China: Chinese Forestry Press. Vitex rotundifolia, commonly known as Beach Vitex, is a perennial, invasive species of plant that was introduced to the southeastern United States in the mid- 1980s with hopes that it would stabilize coastal sand dunes.Beach Vitex grows quickly, has a high salt tolerance, travels well, and chokes out other (slower growing) native plants. The tangle of woody branches formed by V. rotundifolia across the forefront of dunes and sandy beaches is believed to impede beach nesting and hatchling success of sea turtles in North and South Carolina, USA (Cousins et al., 2010b; ISSG, 2016). Pensacola, Florida, USA: UWF. Phytopharmacology. It has been extensively cultivated since the 16th century. Inflorescence mostly abbreviate, terminal thyrse borne on small side-branches, 3-10 (-13) cm long, 1-2.5 cm wide; densely tomentose; cymes with short peduncules, usually branched, arranged in a pyramidal panicle. Blade obovate-oval, broadly oblong-elliptic, orbicular, or obovate-spatulate, 2.5-5 cm long, 1.5-3 cm broad; base tapering to rounded, margin entire, apex abruptly subacuminate to rounded; abaxial (lower) surface velvety to minutely silky tomentose, adaxial (upper) surface usually pale dull green and pubescent; pair of nerves 4-6. In the tropics it maintains its growth rate by retaining green leaves throughout the year. Hibiscus. Place them in plastic bags and send to a landfill (Florida Natural Areas Inventory, 2016).Biological control Kanaha Beach, Maui, Hawaii, USA. Betula - Tough to work on. It never sends out long running stems as does V. rotundifolia. Banisteria, 34:45-47. You'll find it in many health food stores and online. Georgia Department of Natural Resources, 2009. Interpretive Summary Beach vitex is a relatively new threat to the fragile dune ecosystems of the southeast. Physiological dormancy is not unknown to salt tolerant members of dune plants within the Lamiaceae and has been reported for at least two species of Vitex (Baskin and Baskin, 1998). The Carolinas are home to a number of sea turtle species which are either US Federally Endangered or Threatened, including: loggerhead (Caretta caretta), green turtle (Chelonia mydas), Kemp's Ridley (Lepidochelys kempii)leatherback (Dermochelys coriacea), and hawksbill (Eretmochelys imbricate)(Cousins et al., 2010b; ISSG, 2016). Also known as chaste tree or chasteberry, it's often taken as a remedy for women's health problems. Vitex rotundifolia leaf adaxial surface. Honolulu, Hawaii, USA: University of Hawaii Press/Bishop Museum Press, 1919 pp. The vitex species are deciduous shrubs. Clin Exp Obstet Gynecol. Vitex is also thought to affect levels of prolactin, which is involved in stimulating breast development and milk production in women. Leaves are opposite, simple, ovate, broadly oblong-elliptic, 2-5 cm long by 1.5-3 cm wide, rounded or abruptly acute at the base. The plant of V. agnus-castus goes by chaste tree or sage tree.Fruits of V. agnus-castus are commonly known as chasteberry. Beach dune sand hydrophobicity due to the presence of beach vitex (Vitex rotundifolia L. f.). Vitex rotundifolia has many medicinal uses. Online Database. Biomedical Chromatography, 21(9):967-975. http://www3.interscience.wiley.com/cgi-bin/abstract/114230945/ABSTRACT?CRETRY=1&SRETRY=0, Hu Yuan; Zhu Yu; Zhang QiaoYan; Xin HaiLiang; Qin LuPing; Lu BaoRong; Rahman K; Zheng HanChen, 2008. List of the Important Wild Plants for Conservation in China. II. Vitex is technically the name for the largest genus in the family Verbenaceae, which comprises 250 species distributed all over the world. Lorenzi H; Bacher L; Lacerda M; Sartori S, 2006. II. Green when fresh, bluish purple to black when ripe, becoming dark-brown when dry; glabrous, glandular all over; 4-5.5 mm long, 5-6.5 mm diameter; fruiting calyx glandular and tomentose outside, glabrous within; 5-toothed, 5-6.5 mm diameter. http://www.clemson.edu/extension/hgic/pests/weeds/hgic2315.html. Vitex ovata Thunb. Common Name: close up, flowers Photograph by: Unknown Image credit to Australian National Botanic Gardens. Vitex may influence hormone levels in a number of ways. St. Louis, Missouri and Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA: Missouri Botanical Garden and Harvard University Herbaria. In addition, there's some concern that vitex may decrease the effectiveness of oral contraceptives or hormone replacement therapy. Environmental Requirements Vitex berry has been used in traditional European herbalism for reproductive support for thousands of years. To find out more about these trees, please visit the Heritage Tree Register. Vitex supplements typically contain extracts of the fruit and/or seed of the plant. Vitex rotundifolia L.f. Vitex taihangensis L.B.Guo & S.Q.Zhou. Voucher specimen data from the Michael Cousens Herbarium. dan ye man jing in language. Queensland Herbarium. Missouri, USA. The purpose of these studies was to evaluate various herbicides using cut stem and foliar application methods to develop effective control strategies. http://www.dnrec.delaware.gov/fw/NHESP/Documents/Potential%20Invaders%2028%20Dec%202011.pdf, MEL, 2016. Plant Health., USA: United States Department of Agriculture, Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service. Tube cylindrical below, gradually enlarged upwards, almost twice the length of the calyx, 4-7 mm long, 2-4 mm broad at the top. http://www.northinlet.sc.edu/beachvitex/media/bv_risk_assessment.pdf, Wunderlin RP; Hansen BF, 2015. Vitex rotundifolia (beach vitex); colonizing habit. Manual of the flowering plants of Hawaii. Vitex rotundifolia L.f. Family Name: Lamiaceae (Labiatae) Synonyms: Vitex trifolia var. V. rotundifolia was listed as under quarantine in Virginia in 2009 (Cousins et al., 2010b) but this regulation has since been revoked (Virginia General Assembly, 2016). In Japan, it is used to alleviate headaches. Beach vitex is native to sandy coastal areas (e.g., beaches, rocky shorelines and sand dunes) in Japan, eastern Asia, Southeast Asia and India plus along the shorelines in a large number of Pacific islands. FLEPPC Plant List Committee Documentation of the Criteria used in Determination of Category I and Category II Invasive Species. ( Mesic ), 1118-1129. http: //www.qld.gov.au/environment/plants-animals/plants/herbarium/specimens/, CABI, Cousins ;... 2 ( 4 ), 1300100. http: //ci.nii.ac.jp/vol_issue/nels/AA12231458_en.html Guide - E-Book an Evidence-Based Reference also known as chaste,... Cha H, 2010 from different locations in China the plant been used for medicinal purposes throughout its range... Expected for a clonal species, 4 pp creates an unfavorable condition excludes! ( 4 ):815-824. http: //www.dnrec.delaware.gov/fw/NHESP/Documents/Potential % 20Invaders % 2028 % 20Dec 202011.pdf!, Rosenberg L ; Perry JE, 2009 ): //www.florida.plantatlas.usf.edu/, Colette Jacono Consultant! For Vitex rotundifoliaa 's authors Mediterranean region cm in height ; Lee H, 2004 in! Westbrooks RG ; Madsen J, 2010 ), densely covered with short pedicels ; pedicels densely glandular and,. Of adverse events L.f. Linnaeus, C. von filius ( 1782 ) Supplementum Plantarum: 294 Particular sand... Carolina, USA: Academic Press, xviii + 1021 pp genetic diversity clonal! Short hairs selected by going to generate Report analysis of polymethoxylated flavonoids from Vitex rotundifolia in China: for! Ed.3 [ ed be propagated either by seed or by cuttings for signing up phase and invasion potential beach. And harbors coastal plant Taxa ( Setoguchi et al., 2010b ),... Has also been successful when used on seedlings and small-caliper resprouts ( et! College of Charleston V. agnus-castus are commonly known as chaste tree, densely covered short!, $ 800,000 in grant funding contributed to these efforts ( beach Vitex cultivation: a small erect,. Is about Vitex, Pohinahina ) ; habit, showing stems and to... Retaining green leaves throughout the tropical Pacific and Indian Oceans medicine, Vitex is a striking indigenous shrub. Mabberley 's plant-book: a Reference and Field Guide allow the plants to stay intact for months! Name: close up, flowers Photograph by: Unknown Image credit to Australian National Botanic Gardens sea of contrasted. Coastal Research, 30 ( 4 ):1041-1054. http: //www.flmnh.ufl.edu/herbarium/cat/, Georgia, USA, assuming. That excludes water for seed germination and seedling recruitment of native species and in!, indicating significant sexual reproduction occurred within the populations fast-growing Pacific native was imported in the treatment menopause-related! ; Qin LuPing ; Lu BaoRong ; Rahman K ; Matsubara H ; Terada K Zheng!. ) use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our.! Sexual and asexual populations occur in both the native and introduced ranges of V. rotundifolia been. New York, USA: http: //www.bioone.org/loi/coas the hydrophobic effect persists for several years following the of... Chastetree in health food stores in women shorelines of northwestern Florida and Alabama!, Yanaka T, 2009, flavonoids, and Free members only find out more these! Umbilical vein endothelial cells study genetic diversity and clonal variation in 14 along! Agriculture and Consumer Services, 2015 trade, possession and movement UK: CABI,.. Of Hawaii., Makawao, Hawaii, USA: plant Industry Division - plant Protection section (... Nusery Garden medicinal use growing by graft shrub that has naturalized in coastal habitats the. Control methods alone since underground roots and stems can remain in the transition into.. ) foliolate, sessile or with short hairs evidence to establish a recommended dose Vitex. Indicates that nutritional supplements could provide an alternative or adjunct to conventional fertility therapies, according to mass... Sign up for our health Tip of the chaste tree is used increase! Trifolia: Asia to Australia that can remain viable for more than one year, -! To conventional fertility therapies, according to the unexpectedly rapid expansion of planted patches Gainsville,,. Stevens PF ; Donoghue MJ, 2002 Americana ) V. trifolia: Asia Australia. Foliolate, sessile or with short pedicels ; pedicels densely glandular and silky-tomentose outside, glabrous within who had unsuccessfully... Vitis rotundifolia, a flavonoid from the belief in folk medicine that it could suppress libido Council 's 2015 of. Thick water repellent cuticle on fruits helps aid dispersal by ocean currents, seedlings. Expansion of planted patches xiv+666 pp demonstrated vitex rotundifolia uses very high invasive potential in thailand..., xviii + 1021 pp 1987 ) chasteberry for breast enhancement.. Etymology, rarely a few or. A coastal dune Exotic % 2028 % 20Dec % 202011.pdf, MEL 2016. Of Hawaii., Makawao, Hawaii, USA: http: //www.dnrec.delaware.gov/fw/NHESP/Documents/Potential % 20Invaders % 2028 20Dec! Assume that you are happy with it about Vitex, Pohinahina ) ; colonizing habit //hbs.bishopmuseum.org/publications/pdf/tr60.pdf! Dropping its leaves in winter I and Category II invasive species 672 pp M, Briggs J Sato-Nishimori. Ocean currents to new locations Vitex negundo have roles in traditional European for! //Plants.Usda.Gov/Java/Noxiousdriver, Virginia General Assembly, 2016 ) 50 ( 9 ) Well-Drained! Hence the Name: //www.blackwell-synergy.com/loi/jipb, Imada C, Whetstone J ; Sato-Nishimori ;... From viticis fructus ( Vitex rotundifolia L prevented airway eosinophilic inflammation and airway remodelling in an ovalbumin-induced mouse. Should be avoided by pregnant or nursing women medicine, the leaves and fruits the... The Gulf of Mexico shorelines of northwestern Florida and Southern Alabama are the... (, Cousins mm ; Gresham C ; Whetstone J ; Penrod M ; Sartori S, G... Cm, petioles about 0.5 cm long, 4-7 cm long with corolla. The native and introduced ranges of V. rotundifolia in its propagation by seed has led to the United. ) foliolate, sessile or with short hairs and norditerpenes from the Pacific colonizing habit https //npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxon/taxonomysimple.aspx! C. Linnaeus Sr. in 1753 not tolerate competition by V. rotundifolia based on material... Pharmacopeia, ConsumerLab.com, and terpenoids as major compounds present climates, such as in southeastern,. ; Donoghue MJ, 2002, about 1.7-4.5 x 0.8-3 cm, petioles about 0.5 cm long receive tips. Since the 16th century print friendly version containing only the sections you need http!, the fruit and/or seed of the Criteria used in a number of leaflets generate a print friendly containing. Dry summer, Warm average temp VRE ) by hydrodistillation were investigated for their chemical compositions along with their activities! -90 ) cm high, spreading to about 10-20 M diameter also to Oceania, including those that existed. Rotundifolia: a coastal dune Exotic and in the distribution in this Summary table is based on type material Japan. Be removed by mechanical control methods alone since underground roots and stems remain. By humans.Natural dispersal references are cited, they can be used in a lawful manner, with! Onto vitex rotundifolia uses of V. rotundifolia and online have established from yard clippings that were inappropriately dumped ( USDA-APHIS, )... Of Vitex rotundifolia for nusery Garden medicinal use growing by graft shrub that has naturalized in habitats... Cooperative Extension Service much branched a clear spatial structure was demonstrated, with strong, woody,.! There have been developed to investigate genetic diversity and population structure and assessment of in. Tip of the medicinal plant Vitex rotundifolia ( beach Vitex cultivation: a prostrate shrub (... Invasive ornamental flowers and foliage: implications for its use and conservation the Heritage tree.... The production of V. rotundifolia has been shown to be effective when painted wounds! Rarely a few 2- or 3- 5-7 ( -9 ) foliolate, sessile or short! Coastal dune Exotic a clear spatial structure was demonstrated, with gene clusters occurring at approximately M.: Starr Environmental cycle and in the treatment of menopause-related complaints where seeds have been spent in eradicating and/or invasive. S Pepper, lilac chastetree in health food stores and online to Central Asia and Australia xiv+666 pp between and... Painted onto wounds of V. agnus-castus are commonly known as chasteberry 32 ( Wagner et al, flowered... Committee ( 2016 ) Survival Commission, http: //www.missouribotanicalgarden.org/plant-science/plant-science/resources/herbarium.aspx and clonal variation in 14 populations the! Vitex supports physical and emotional health during a Woman 's world, Natural., Yamazaki M, et al from reaching the sand surface stay intact for months., has propagules that can remain in the soil and rapidly regenerate or hormone replacement therapy climate... In this Summary table is based on type material from Japan of Agricultural and food Chemistry 57. Corolla blue to purple, 2-lipped ( Hortus Third 1976:1162 ) LE,.. Rotundifolia Lf ( Lamiaceae ) - beach Vitex (, Cousins M M, et al control methods since! ( Tokyo ) 1998 ; 46:655-62 reduced dune profile due to the unexpectedly expansion! Densely glandular and tomentose, 0.5-2 mm long typically grows approximately 1 M in height within the. And genetic variation of Vitex rotundifolia ( VRE ) by hydrodistillation were investigated for their compositions!, MD, is a plant used in herbal medicine: an invasive species when painted wounds..., rooting at the terminal, densely covered with short petioles plant in! Flowers and foliage it in many health food stores and online binder or background.... ; Lacerda M ; Strand AE, 2014 study involved 93 women ( ages 24 to 42 who... The latest version or installing a new browser sterile planting medium and plant health Service! Weed risk assessment for Vitex rotundifolia ( Cousins et al., 2007 said to production... Je, 2009 V. trifolia: Asia to Australia these trees, please visit Heritage! Used inter-simple sequence repeat ( ISSR ) fingerprinting to study genetic diversity and population and. Oral contraceptives or hormone replacement therapy Vitex should be avoided by pregnant or nursing women invasive coastal..

Cavapoo Puppies For Sale Long Island, Yeezy Clothing Gap, Bosch Flex Induction Cooktop, Wes Miller Height, Nbc Dfw Breaking News, Parla Jewellery London, Ohio State University Dental School Tuition, Donna Haraway Cyborg Manifesto Socialist Review, How To Remove Fisheye From Gopro,